Lesson 100

Seasons in Russian

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In one of the previous lessons we’ve already learned Russian names of the days of the week. Today we’ll learn the names of the seasons in Russian.

Names of the seasons in Russian

The names of the seasons in Russian are:

зима́ [zee-má]winter

весна́ [vees-ná]spring

ле́то [lyé-ta]summer

о́сень [ó-seen’]autumn

Some more useful vocabulary:

вре́мя го́да [vryé-mya gó-da]season

времена́ го́да [vree-mee-ná góda]seasons

со́лнце [són-tse]sun (noun, n.)

дождь [dozhd’]rain (noun, m.)

снег [snyek]snow (noun, m.)

хо́лодно [hó-lad-na]cold (adverb)

жа́рко [zhár-ka]hot (adverb)

тепло́ [teep-ló]warm (adverb)

Examples

Я люблю́ зи́му, а ему́ нра́вится ле́то.
[ya lyub-lyú zée-mu, a ye-mú nrá-vee-tsa lyé-ta]
I like winter, and he likes summer.

Како́е вре́мя го́да тебе́ нра́вится бо́льше всего́?
[ka-kó-ye vryé-mya gó-da tee-byé nrá-vee-tsa ból’-she vsee-vó]
What season do you like the most?

Мне не нра́вится зима́, я не люблю́ снег.
[mnye nye nrá-vee-tsa zee-má, ya nye lyub-lyú snyek]
I don’t like winter, I don’t love the snow.

Я люблю́, когда́ жа́рко, поэ́тому мне нра́вится ле́то.
[ya lyub-lyú kag-dá zhár-ka, pa-é-ta-mu mnye nrá-vee-tsa lyé-ta]
I like when it’s hot, that is why I like summer.

Она не лю́бит о́сень, потому́ что ей не нра́вится дождь.
[aná nye lyú-beet ó-seen’, pa-ta-mú chta yeî nye nrá-vee-tsa dozhd’]
She doesn’t like autumn, because she doesn’t like the rain.

How to say ‘in summer’, ‘in winter’ etc.

In this case Russians put the names of the seasons in the Instrumental case which we’ll learn some later. By now just remember these words:

ле́том [lyé-tam]in summer
зимо́й [zee-móî]in winter
о́сенью [ó-seen’-yu]in autumn
весно́й [vees-nóî]in spring

Russian Pod 101

Examples:

Ле́том тепло́, а зимо́й хо́лодно.
[lyé-tam teep-ló, a zee-móy hó-lad-na]
In the summer it’s warm and in the winter it’s cold.

О́сенью ча́сто идёт дождь.
[ó-seen’-yu chás-ta ee-dyót dozhd’]
In autumn it often rains.

Весно́й приро́да ожива́ет.
[vees-nóî pree-ró-da a-zhee-vá-eet]
In spring the nature revives.

Practice today’s vocabulary with the audio track.

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