023 – Russian verbs: Introduction – The Infinitive
Today we start learning the Russian verbs and cover the initial form of the verb – the infinitive.
All Russian verbs are divided into two groups according to the type of ending which they take in their conjugation. These groups are generally called the first and second conjugations.
The first conjugation of Russian verbs
These verbs end in ТЬ (except ИТЬ) and ТИ. For example:
быть [byt’] – to be
знать [znat’] – to know
де́лать [dyé-lat’] – to do
идти́ [eed-tée] – to go
The second conjugation of Russian verbs
These verbs end in ИТЬ plus some exceptions. For example:
проси́ть [pra-séet’] – to ask
говори́ть [ga-va-réet’] – to speak
держа́ть [deer-zhát’] – to hold
There is number of exceptions in this system.
For example, the verbs
– бежа́ть [bee-zhát’] – to run
– хоте́ть [ha-tyét’] – to want
belong to the ‘mixed’ type of conjugation.
There is also a number of irregular verbs the conjugation of which doesn’t follow the common rules. These verbs need to be memorized.
Now, practice all the verbs you learned today with the audio track.
Make sure you’ve memorized the conjugation types as you will need them in the following lessons.