Russian verbs: Introduction - The Infinitive
Today we start learning the Russian verbs and cover the initial form of the verb – the infinitive.
All Russian verbs are divided into two groups according to the type of ending which they take in their conjugation. These groups are generally called the first and second conjugations.
The first conjugation of the Russian verbs
These verbs end in ТЬ (except ИТЬ) and ТИ. For example:
быть [byt’] – to be
знать [znat’] – to know
де́лать [dyé-lat’] – to do
идти́ [eed-tée] – to go
The second conjugation of Russian verbs
These verbs end in ИТЬ plus some exceptions. For example:
проси́ть [pra-séet’] – to ask
говори́ть [ga-va-réet’] – to speak
держа́ть [deer-zhát’] – to hold
There is a number of exceptions in this system.
For example, the verbs:
– бежа́ть [bee-zhát’] – to run
– хоте́ть [ha-tyét’] – to want
belong to the ‘mixed’ type of conjugation.
There is also a number of irregular verbs the conjugation of which doesn’t follow the common rules. These verbs need to be memorized.
Practice the examples of this lesson with the audio recording (at the bottom of the screen under the blue button).
Make sure you’ve memorized the conjugation types as you will need them in the following lessons.
Follow the links below to continue learning about the Russian verbs.
Congratulation on getting more familiar with the Russian verbs!
We hope you enjoy learning Russian with us. If you have any questions, fon’t hesitate to post them in the comments!
More lessons on the Russian verbs
- The verb "to be" in Russian
- Russian verbs: Introduction - The Infinitive
- Russian Present tense
- Practice Russian Present Tense with questions
- Russian Past tense
- Russian verb aspects
- Perfective and imperfective verbs - Practice
- Use of the verb 'быть' in the Past tense
- Future tense with imperfective verbs
- Future tense with perfective verbs
- To go in Russian - Идти and ехать
- Past, Present, and Future of Russian verbs - Practice
- Russian Imperative mood (Command form)
- Commands for the 1st and 3d persons
- Reflexive verbs
- Russian verbs of motion (unprefixed)
- Prefixed verbs of motion
- Verbs of motion: practice
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