114 – Fractions in Russian

If you were following our lessons, today you shoud be able to use both Russian ordinal and cardinal numerals. You will need that knowledge for today’s lesson where we learn how to form fractions (дро́би) in Russian.

Vulgar fractions (просты́е дро́би)

числи́тель – term of fraction
знамена́тель – denominator

Russians talk about fractions in feminine. The term of fraction is a cardinal numeral, the denominator is an ordinal numeral in plural Genitive (excepting when the term is 1 – then the Nominative is used for the denominator).

Look at the examples:

1/2 – одна́ втора́я
(одна – feminine cardinal numeral, вторая – feminine ordinal numeral in Nominative)

2/3 – две тре́тьих
(две – feminine cardinal numeral, третьих – plural ordinal numeral in Genitive)

4/4 – четы́ре четвёртых
(четыре – feminine cardinal numeral, четвертых – plural ordinal numeral in Genitive)

Decimal fractions (десяти́чные дро́би)

The whole (це́лая) and the fractional (дро́бная) parts are divided by a comma. Look at the examples and try to discern the pattern:

1,1 – одна́ це́лая одна́ деся́тая
5,9 – пять це́лых де́вять деся́тых

1,45 – одна́ це́лая со́рок пять со́тых
2,23 – две це́лых два́дцать три со́тых

Practice today’s examples with the audio track:

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