Lesson 011

Russian possessive pronouns


In this lesson, we will learn Russian possessive pronouns.

A possessive pronoun is a pronoun that shows ownership.

In Russian, possessive pronouns depend on the gender and number of the subject you are talking about. They are:

My and mine:

мой [moî]masculine
моя́ [ma-yá]feminine
моё [ma-yó]neuter
мои́ [ma-ée]plural

Your and yours (singular and informal):

твой [tvoî]masculine
твоя́ [tva-yá]feminine
твоё [tva-yó]neuter
твои́ [tva-ée]plural

Russian Pod 101


егó [ye-vó]for all


её [ye-yó]for all


егó [ye-vó]for all

Our and ours:

наш [nash]masculine
нáша [ná-sha]feminine
нáше [ná-she]neuter
нáши [ná-shee]plural

Your and yours (plural or formal):

ваш [vash]masculine
вáша [vá-sha]feminine
вáше [vá-she]neuter
вáши [vá-shee]plural

Their and theirs:

их [eeh]for all


Let’s practice with some examples:

мой домmy house (house is masculine)
[moî dom]

твоя́ соба́каyour dog (dog is feminine)
[tva-yá sa-bá-ka]

его́ па́спортhis passport (passport is masculine)
[ye-vó pás-part]

на́ша шко́лаour school (school is feminine)
[ná-sha shkó-la]

Simple sentences

Now you can even compose some simple sentences in Russian:

Э́то моя́ ма́ма.
[é-ta ma-yá má-ma]
This is my mom.

Э́та кни́га моя́.
[é-ta kneé-ga ma-yá]
This book is mine.

Э́то наш дом.
[é-ta nash dom]
This is our house.

Э́тот телефо́н твой.
[é-tat tee-lee-fón tvoî]
This telephone is yours.

Э́то на́ши докуме́нты.
[é-ta ná-shee da-ku-myén-ty]
These are our documents.

Э́ти докуме́нты на́ши.
[é-tee da-ku-myén-ty ná-shee]
These documents are ours.

Те докуме́нты ва́ши.
[tye da-ku-myén-ty vá-shee]
Those documents are yours.

Та су́мка твоя́.
[ta súm-ka tva-yá]
That bag is yours.

Practice Russian possessive pronouns and examples of this lessons with the audio recording.

The offline version of this lesson is available here


7 comments on “011 – Russian possessive pronouns”

  1. Sol says:

    I just paid for “Download All Audio Files”. How do I download? Thank you.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello Sol,

      The download link was sent to your email. Please check your spam folder if you didn’t see it. If you didn’t receive it at all, please contact us via everydayrussian at gmail dot com, so we can reply to you by email. Thank you.

  2. Peps says:

    Hi ! First thank you for what you do.
    I have a question : sometimes we pronounce the O like a A, if it is unstressed, and sometimes not, like in the word “мой”. Why ?
    Perhaps you should warn us when there is an inconsistency, because it makes me/us confused.
    Thank you very much !

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hi Peps,

      Thank you for your comment.

      In the words that consist from only one syllable. i.e. have only 1 vowel, the stress mark falls on that vowel by default. Therefore in such words like “мой” the vowel is considered to be stressed and pronounced as O.

  3. Krishnaprasanna says:

    Nice but the audio track is not responding after 2:19 seconds.Please rectify this error.

    1. Krishnaprasanna says:

      Sorry,Now it’s working.A small error in my system stopped it to play this track.I’m very thankful to the owner of this site for providing this language tutor at free of cost,I’m saying thanks once again why because the lessons are divided in such a manner so that a beginner may not feel any difficulty while learning.Even though there are many free language tutors in the Internet but I did’nt find such a kind of this awesome site at anywhere.

      1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

        Hello Krishnaprasanna,

        I’m glad everything is working for you. Thanks for your comment. Good luck.

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