010 – Russian personal pronouns
For the past nine lessons we have learned the Russian alphabet and pronunciation rules, as well as practiced to read some Russian words. Today we move to the Russian grammar. First things first, let’s learn how to say ‘I’, ‘you’, ‘they’ etc. So this lesson we dedicate to Russian personal pronouns.
Pronouns are very important parts of the speech. Before we start, you should know that there are three genders of nouns and pronouns in Russian: masculine, feminine and neuter.
Russian personal pronouns
я [ya] – I
ты [ty] – you (singular)
он [on] – he
онá [a-ná] – she
онó [a-nó] – it (neuter)
мы [my] – we
вы [vy] – you (plural and formal ‘you’)
они́ [a-née] – they
How to use the pronouns correctly
There are two ways of approaching people in Russian language depending on who you talk to. If you talk to your friend, you can use the informal tone and call him or her ‘ты’ when addressing directly. But if you talk to your teacher or a stranger, or any person who is older than you, you should use the formal tone and call them ‘вы’ (plural form of ‘ты’).
These are the basic politeness rules in Russia and using “ты” wrongly can push people away from you and give a bad impression about you.
That’s it for today. Listen to the audio track and practice the pronunciation of Russian personal pronouns.