Lesson 010

Russian personal pronouns


For the past nine lessons we have learned the Russian alphabet and pronunciation rules, as well as practiced to read some Russian words. Today we move over to the Russian grammar. First things first, let’s learn how to say ‘I’, ‘you’, ‘they’ etc. In other words, today’s lesson we dedicate to Russian personal pronouns.

Before we start, you should know that there are three genders of nouns and pronouns in Russian: masculine, feminine and neuter.

Russian personal pronouns

я [ya]I
ты [ty]you (singular)
он [on]he
онá [a-ná]she
онó [a-nó]it (neuter)
мы [my]we
вы [vy]you (plural and formal ‘you’)
они́ [a-née]they

Russian Pod 101

How to use the pronouns correctly

There are two ways of approaching people in the Russian language depending on who you talk to.

If you are talking to your friend, relative, someone younger than you, or somebody you are close with, you can use the informal tone and call him or her ‘ты’ when addressing directly. But if you talk to your boss, teacher, a stranger, or somebody older than you, you should use the formal tone and call them ‘вы’ (plural form of ‘ты’).

These are the basic rules of politeness in Russia, and using “ты” at a wrong time and place can push people away from you and give a bad impression about you.

That’s it for today. We hope you enjoy learning Russian with us. Listen to the audio track and practice the pronunciation of Russian personal pronouns.

Spotted an error? Let us know please!

6 comments on “010 – Russian personal pronouns”

  1. Negin says:

    Does Russian I (Я) have gender ? I mean does it make any difference in the verb ending if the speaker is male or female?

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hi Negin,

      Not always. For adjectives that describe Я it does always. However for verbs, it is only important in the Past tense and participles. For the Present and Future tenses, for the Command form, it makes no difference.

  2. I like this way of teaching Russain language. It is so simple.

  3. Faisal says:

    i want to learn Russian step by step

    1. Hoàng Anh Hào says:

      Have a look. Here are step-by-step lessons

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