Lesson 066

Russian adjectives (introduction)


You’ve already learned the basics about Russian nouns, pronouns, verbs, numerals and prepositions. Today we start a new chapter of the Russian grammar and move on to the Russian adjectives.

There are a few types of adjectives in the Russian language, in this lesson we’ll learn just one of them – the normal type.

Here is the list of some common Russian adjectives (some of them you already saw in our examples):

краси́вый [kra-sée-vyî]beautiful

хоро́ший [ha-ró-sheeî]good

плохо́й [pla-hóî]bad

у́мный [úm-nyî]smart

глу́пый [glú-pyî]stupid

высо́кий [vy-só-keeî]high

ни́зкий [néez-keeî]low

чёрный [chyór-nyî]black

бе́лый [byé-lyî]white

си́ний [sée-neeî]blue

большо́й [bal’-shóî]big, large

ма́ленький [má-leen’-keeî]small

широ́кий [shee-ró-keeî]wide

у́зкий [ús-keeî]narrow

Russian Pod 101

The default adjective gender is masculine. To use them with feminine and neuter nouns you’ll need to change their endings. Here are the typical endings by gender and number:

masculine endings: ый, ий
feminine endings: ая, яя
neuter endings: ое, ее
plural endings: ые, ие

To change the gender of an adjective, replace:

ый, ий with ая / ое, but
ший with шая / шее
ний with няя / нeе

To change the number of an adjective, replace:

ый with ые
ий with ие


краси́вый домbeautiful house
краси́вая де́вушкаbeautiful girl
краси́вое де́ревоbeautiful tree
краси́вые цветы́beautiful flowers

хоро́ший сове́тgood advise
хоро́шая пого́даgood weather
хоро́шее настрое́ниеgood mood
хоро́шие но́востиgood news

си́ний зонтblue umbrella
си́няя ю́бкаblue skirt
си́нее пла́тьеblue dress
си́ние боти́нкиblue shoes

Russian Pod 101

As you might have noticed from these examples, the Russians usually put the adjectives before the subject. But in some cases the adjective can go after the subject. It’s often used in poetry or to give a sentence some emotional tint.

To finish with this lesson, memorize the common Russian adjectives, the endings of the adjectives in different genders, and practice the examples with the audio track.

In the future we will learn how to change the Russian adjectives in different cases.

The offline version of this lesson is available here


2 comments on “066 – Russian adjectives”

  1. rahim.m says:

    you are doing an exellent job…i like more
    best regards

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Thank you rahim.m.

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