Lesson 078

The Accusative case in Russian (introduction)

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In the previous lessons we have already learned about the Nominative case, Genitive case, and Dative case in the Russian language. Today we are starting a series of lessons dedicated to the Accusative case, and this is the first introduction lesson.

The use of the Accusative case

The Accusative case is used to designate:

– direct object of verb: to see, to love whom? to buy, to take, to bring, to eat what? (without prepositions)

– direction, location or circumstances: (to go to) where? when? how? (with various prepositions)

– reason: for what? (with the preposition за)

– subject of a discussion: about whom? about what? (with the preposition про)

In Russian, the Accusative case is used to answer the questions кого́? (whom?) and что? (what?).

Russian Pod 101

Prepositions used with the Accusative case

The most common prepositions used with the Accusative are:

в – in, to

на – on, onto

за – behind

о/об – against

по – over, by, via

под – under

про – about

че́рез – through

Examples

Look at the examples below and try to answer to yourself why the Accusative case is used in each of the sentences.

The nouns in the Accusative are highlighted with their prepositions.

Он ест чи́псы.
He is eating chips.
(object, eating what?)

Мы идём в теа́тр.
We are going to the theater.
(direction with the preposition в)

Положи́ докуме́нты на стол.
Put the documents on the table.
(object direction with the preposition на)

Я люблю́ петь под гита́ру.
I like to sing with a guitar (lit. – under guitar).
(circumstances, how?, with the preposition под)

Спаси́бо за по́мощь.
Thank you for your help.
(reason for being grateful, for what?, with the preposition за)

Про него́ говоря́т, что он хоро́ший специали́ст.
He is said to be a good specialist.
(lit. – They say about him, that he is a good specialist)
(subject of a discussion, say about whom?, with the preposition про)

Make sure to memorize the prepositions and practice all today’s examples with the audio track. In the next few lessons we will learn how to form the Accusative case with nouns of different genders and with pronouns.

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