Lesson 050

Dative case in Russian and its prepositions


After a little break, we continue studying the Russian cases. During the course of several previous lessons, we have learned about the Genitive case and how it affects the endings of the nouns. Today we start learning the Dative case.

This lesson is dedicated to the general explanation of the Dative case and the prepositions used with it.

Use of the Dative case

The Dative case designates that something is given or addressed to the person or the object.

In Russian, it answers the questions кому́? (to whom?) and чему́? (to what?).

Read the examples below and try to notice the pattern. The nouns in the Dative are highlighted.

Russian Pod 101

Я покупа́ю пода́рок сестре́.
I’m buying a gift for my sister.

Он пи́шет письмо́ роди́телям.
He is writing a letter to his parents.

Передава́й отцу́ приве́т от меня́.
Say hello to your father from me.

Prepositions used with the Dative case

Sometimes the Dative case is used without any prepositions, as in the examples above. But it can also be used with a number of prepositions:

к – to, towards

Мы идём в го́сти к мое́й ба́бушке.
We are going to visit my grandmother.

Э́то пла́тье не подхо́дит к мои́м ту́флям.
This dress doesn’t suit to my shoes.

по – over

Мы идём по у́лице.
We are walking down the street.

По како́й причи́не вы отказа́лись?
Why (For what reason) did you refuse?

подо́бно – like, similar

Промедле́ние сме́рти подо́бно.
Delay is similar to death.

согла́сно – accordingly

Всё сде́лано согла́сно прика́зу.
Everything is done according to the order.

благодаря́ – thanks to

Мы купи́ли э́ту кварти́ру благодаря́ по́мощи родны́х.
We have bought this apartment thanks to the help of the relatives.

вопреки́ – despite, contrary to

Но́вая поли́тика конфиденциа́льности Google вступи́ла в си́лу вопреки́ мне́нию Евросою́за.
The new Google privacy policy came into force contrary to the opinion of European Union.

Practice the examples of this lesson with the audio track.

In the next lesson we will continue to learn Russian and the Dative case.

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