Russian demonstrative pronouns
In this lesson, we will learn the Russian demonstrative pronouns.
A demonstrative pronoun is a pronoun that is used to point to something specific. These pronouns can indicate items in space or time.
In Russian, the demonstrative pronouns depend on the gender and number of the subject. Here they are:
э́тот [é-tat] – masculine
э́та [é-ta] – feminine
э́то [é-ta] – neuter
э́ти [é-tee] – plural
тот [tot] – masculine
та [ta] – feminine
то [to] – neuter
те [tye] – plural
Let’s look at some examples:
э́тот день – this day (masculine)
э́та кни́га – this book (feminine)
э́то письмо́ – this letter (neuter)
э́ти слова́ – these words (plural)
тот магази́н – that shop (masculine)
та су́мка – that bag (feminine)
то у́тро – that morning (neuter)
те дома́ – those houses (plural)
How to say “this is something/someone” in Russian
When you introduce a subject for the first time (i.e. when in English you would normally use This is a… or These are …), you need to use the neuter pronoun э́то regardless of the gender and number of the subject.
This (It) is a book.
These are letters.
Practice the examples of this lesson with the audio recording.
More lessons on the Russian demonstrative pronouns
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