Russian demonstrative pronouns
Continuing with the Russian grammar, today we move to the demonstrative pronouns.
The demonstrative pronouns are the ones that represent things or beings that at the moment you are talking about them are right here or far away. For example “this car” or “those books” (“this” and “those” are demonstrative pronouns).
In Russian, the demonstrative pronouns depend on the gender and number of the subject. Here they are:
э́тот [é-tat] – masculine
э́та [é-ta] – feminine
э́то [é-ta] – neuter
э́ти [é-tee] – plural
тот [tot] – masculine
та [ta] – feminine
то [to] – neuter
те [tye] – plural
Let’s look at some examples:
э́тот день – this day (day is masculine)
э́та кни́га – this book (book is feminine)
э́то письмо́ – this letter (letter is neuter)
э́ти слова́ – these words (plural)
тот магази́н – that shop (shop is masculine)
та су́мка – that bag (bag is feminine)
то у́тро – that morning (morning is neuter)
те дома́ – those houses (plural)
How to say “this is something/someone” in Russian
When you introduce a subject for the first time (i.e. when in English you would normally use “is” or “are”), you need to use the neuter pronoun э́то regardless of the gender and number of the subject.
This (It) is a book.
These are letters.
Practice the examples of this lesson with the audio recording (at the bottom of the screen under the blue button).
More lessons on the Russian demonstrative pronouns
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