Lesson 065

Russian days of the week

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The use of the days of the week in the Russian language is a bit more complicated than in English as you have to decline them according to the situation. In this lesson we’ll learn the days of the week and how to use them in different cases.

Russian days of the week

The week in Russia starts on Monday. The days of the week in Russian have gender and change in cases as other nouns. Here are their names:

понеде́льникMonday (masculine)
вто́рникTuesday (masculine)
среда́Wednesday (feminine)
четве́ргThursday (masculine)
пя́тницаFriday (feminine)
суббо́таSaturday (feminine)
воскресе́ньеSunday (neuter)

Days of the week with prepositions

On Monday, Tuesday etc.

To say that something happens on Monday/Tuesday/etc. we use the Accusative case:

в понеде́льник
во вто́рник
в сре́ду
в четве́рг
в пя́тницу
в суббо́ту
в воскресе́нье

Examples:

Что ты де́лал в про́шлый вто́рник?
What did you do last Tuesday?

Я уезжа́ю в пя́тницу.
I’m leaving on Friday.

Конце́рт в сле́дующее воскресе́нье.
The concert is next Sunday.

Russian Pod 101

From Monday, Tuesday etc.

To say that something starts from Monday/Tuesday/etc. we use the Genitive case:

с понеде́льника
со вто́рника
со среды́
с четверга́
с пя́тницы
с суббо́ты
с воскресе́нья

Examples:

С четверга́ у меня́ о́тпуск.
Starting from Thursday I’m on vacation.

С понеде́льника я начина́ю но́вую жизнь.
Starting from Monday I start a new life.

Until Monday, Tuesday etc.

To say that something lasts until Monday/Tuesday/etc. you can use either the Accusative case with the preposition по or the Genitive case with the preposition до:

по понеде́льник / до понеде́льника
по вто́рник / до вто́рника
по сре́ду / до среды́
по четве́рг / до четверга́
по пя́тницу / до пя́тницы
по суббо́ту / до суббо́ты
по воскресе́нье / до воскресе́нья

Examples:

С понеде́льника по четве́рг меня́ не бу́дет в о́фисе.
I’ll be out of office from Monday to Thursday.

До пя́тницы я абсолю́тно свобо́ден.
I’m absolutely free until Friday.

Every Monday, Tuesday etc.

Every in Russian is ка́ждый. It changes in gender and number according to the word it describes:

ка́ждый понеде́льник
ка́ждый вто́рник
ка́ждую сре́ду
ка́ждый четве́рг
ка́ждую пя́тницу
ка́ждую суббо́ту
ка́ждое воскресе́нье

The day of the week here is in the Accusative case.

Examples:

Ка́ждый понеде́льник мы хо́дим в бассе́йн.
Every Monday we go to the pool.

Он прихо́дит сюда́ ка́ждую сре́ду.
He comes here every Wednesday.

Они собира́ются вме́сте ка́ждое воскресе́нье.
They get together every Sunday.

On Mondays, Tuesdays etc.

When something happens regularly on Mondays/Tuesdays/etc., you can say it this way:

по понеде́льникам
по вто́рникам
по сре́дам
по четверга́м
по пя́тницам
по суббо́там
по воскресе́ньям

The day of the week here is in the Dative case.

Examples:

Магази́н не рабо́тает по понеде́льникам.
The shop is closed on Mondays. (The shop doesn’t work on Mondays.)

По суббо́там я не рабо́таю.
On Saturdays, I do not work.

Listen to the audio and practice today’s vocabulary and examples.

The offline version of this lesson is available here

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