084 – Days of the week in Russian

The use of the days of the week in Russian language is a bit more complicated than in English as you have to decline them according to the situation. In this lesson we’ll learn the days of the week and how to use them in different cases.

The week in Russian starts on Monday. The days of the week in Russian have the gender and change in cases as any other noun. Here are their names:

понеде́льник – Monday (masculine)
вто́рник – Tuesday (masculine)
среда́ – Wednesday (feminine)
четве́рг – Thursday (masculine)
пя́тница – Friday (feminine)
суббо́та – Saturday (feminine)
воскресе́нье – Sunday (neuter)

Days of the week with prepositions:

On Monday, Tuesday etc. (here we use the Accusative)

в понеде́льник
во вто́рник
в сре́ду
в четве́рг
в пя́тницу
в суббо́ту
в воскресе́нье

From Monday, Tuesday etc. (the Genitive case)

с понеде́льника
со вто́рника
со среды́
с четверга́
с пя́тницы
с суббо́ты
с воскресе́нья

Till Monday, Tuesday etc. (two options: the Accusative / the Genitive)

по понеде́льник / до понеде́льника
по вто́рник / до вто́рника
по сре́ду / до среды́
по четве́рг / до четверга́
по пя́тницу / до пя́тницы
по суббо́ту / до суббо́ты
по воскресе́нье / до воскресе́нья

Examples:

Что ты де́лал в про́шлый вто́рник?
What did you do last Tuesday?

Я уезжа́ю в пя́тницу.
I’m leaving on Friday.

С понеде́льника по четве́рг меня́ не бу́дет в о́фисе.
I’ll be out of office from Monday to Thursday.

До пя́тницы я абсолю́тно свобо́ден.
I’m asolutely free till Friday.

Listen to the audio and practice today’s vocaulary and examples.

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