How to say 'I have' in Russian
The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.
Today let’s take a break from the Russian grammar rules and learn how to say “I have” in Russian. To do that the Russians use quite a specific construction which is very different from English.
If you want to say I have… or I have no…, use the construction у меня есть and у меня нет accordingly. Translated literally, it means “in my possession there is (no)”.
As we learned in the previous lesson, the pronoun меня is the Genitive form of я. Using the formula above and the Genitive form of other personal pronouns you can figure out how to say “you have”, “he has”, etc.
Now let’s practice on some examples (highlighted nouns and pronouns are in the Genitive):
У меня́ есть кни́га.
I have a book.
У тебя́ есть жела́ние прогуля́ться?
Do you feel like walking? (Do you have a desire to have a walk?)
У него́ нет па́спорта.
He does not have the passport.
У нас есть вре́мя вы́пить ко́фе?
Do we have time for a coffee?
У вас есть вре́мя для меня́?
Do you have some time for me?
У них нет уро́ков сего́дня.
They have no lessons today.
Practice all today’s example sentences with the audio track.
More lessons on the Russian grammar constructions
- 016: "There is" and "there are", "here" and "there" in Russian
- 025: Forming negation in Russian
- 026: Forming questions in Russian
- 036: How to say 'I have' in Russian
- 056: How to say 'I like' in Russian
- 057: Russian verb 'нравиться' - Examples of use
- 092: Double negation in Russian
- 152: Можно and нельзя [(not) allowed/possible]
- 153: Need, have to, must, should in Russian
- 154: Можно, нельзя, надо, должен, пора in the Past and Future tense
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