Hello! and How are you? in Russian
This is another vocabulary lesson and today we’ll learn some useful Russian phrases. From one of our previous lessons you have already learned a couple of Russian greetings. Today we’ll cover them in details and learn the most common ways to say hello in Russian in formal and informal situations.
In most languages, the standard hello formula usually includes not only hello itself, but also how are you?. To return the greeting you usually say I’m fine, thank you, how are you?.
In Russian, unlike in English, these phrases depend on who you talk to (whether your greeting is formal or informal).
Listen to the audio and repeat after it.
Informal Russian greetings
The most simple and straightforward way to say hello in Russian is приве́т. It is an informal greeting and you can also use it as hi or hey:
Hi. / Hey. / Hello.
How are you? in Russian is:
How are you? How are you doing? (lit. – How are the things?)
The phrase above can be used both in formal and informal situations.
And the next phrase is only appropriate for informal situations as it includes the informal pronoun ты (in the Genitive case):
Как твои́ дела́?
[kak tva-ée dee-lá]
How are you? (lit. – How are your things?)
There are also other way to ask how are you? in Russian:
How are you? (lit. – How is the life?)
What’s new? What’s up?
To reply and to return the question, use the following phrases:
Отли́чно, как у тебя́?
[at-léech-na, kak u tee-byá]
Excellent, how are you?
А ты как?
[a ty kak]
А твои́ как?
[a tva-ée kak]
А как у тебя́?
[a kak u tee-byá]
Formal Russian greetings
Now let’s look at the formal situations. Formal hello in Russian is:
Good morning (afternoon, evening).
You can always replace hello with wishing people a good time of the day:
Good day / afternoon.
To ask how are you? and to return the question in formal situations use these phrases:
Как ва́ши дела́?
[kak vá-shee dee-lá]
How are you?
Спаси́бо, хорошо́. Как у вас?
[spa-sée-ba, ha-ra-shó. kak u vas?]
Fine, thank you. How about you?
А как ва́ши (дела)?
[a kak vá-shee]
And how about you?
А вы как?
[a vy kak]
Рад вас ви́деть.
[rat vas vée-deet’]
Nice to see you. (said by a man)
Ра́да вас ви́деть.
[rá-da vas vée-deet’]
Nice to see you. (said by a woman)
Good for both cases
Regardless of who you are talking to, you answer to how are you? can be one of these:
Fine, thank you.
Not bad, thank you.
Всё в поря́дке, спаси́бо.
[fsyó v pa-ryát-kye, spa-sée-ba]
Everything is good, thank you.
Not very well.
Great. Perfect. Wondeful.
Now you are familiar with the basic Russian greetings and know how to say hi, hello, and how are you? in Russian and to respond to a greeting.
We hope you enjoy our lessons. Stick with us and we will gladly help you on your way to learn the Russian language!
The offline version of this lesson is available hereStart the quiz
Question # 1Translate what you hear
- hello (formal)
- how are you?
Question # 2Translate what you hear
- Good morning.
- Good afternoon.
- Good everning.
- Good night.
Question # 3Translate to English:Все хорошо, спасибо.
- Fine, thank you.
- How about you?
- Hello, how are you?
- Everything is good, thank you.
Question # 4Say it in Russian:Good evening
- до́брый день
- до́брый ве́чер
- до́брое ве́чер
- до́брое у́тро
Question # 5What does it literally mean: как жизнь?
- How is your life?
- What's up?
- And you?
- How is your day?
Question # 6Translate to English:so-so
- так себе́
- там себе́
- не о́чень
Question # 7Which option is incorrect?
- А как у тебя́?
- А твои́ как?
- А как у ты?
- А ты как?
Question # 8Which greeting is not appropriate for formal situations?
- До́брый ве́чер.
- Как жизнь?
- Как ва́ши дела́?
Question # 9Translate what you hear
- Fine, thank you.
- Not bad, thank you.
- Everything is good, thank you.
- Great, thank you.
Question # 10Translate what you hear
Answered: 0 out of 10
- As usual.
- Nothing special.
- Not bad.
- Not very well.
Correct answers: 0 (0%)
More lessons on Russian vocabulary
- The most important Russian words
- Hello! and How are you? in Russian
- Goodbye in Russian
- Thank you, please, and you're welcome in Russian
- "I speak Russian" in Russian and other useful phrases
- Calling for help in Russian
- My name is ... in Russian
- Seasons in Russian
- Congratulations in Russian
- Talking about health in Russian
- Meeting your Russian in-laws
- Making friends in Russian
- Talking about family in Russian
- Talking about the weather
- Internet vocabulary and phrases
- Colors in Russian
- Visiting a pharmacy
- Directions in Russian
- New Year's dialogues
- Happy birthday in Russian, Russian birthday wishes
- Going to the movies
- I love you in Russian and other romantic phrases
- Russian terms of endearment
- Professions in Russian
- Hotel dialogues in Russian
- Visiting a doctor
11 comments on “002 – Hello! and How are you? in Russian”
What does a word that sounds like doshvadanya mean?
До свидания means “goodbye” in Russian. You can learn more about it here: https://learnrussianstepbystep.com/en/how-to-say-goodbye-in-russian/
Okay must be my hearing then 🙂
I heard a Russian saying Hi more like Breevat than pree-vyat.
I’ve been speaking Russian all my life. “Hi” in Russian is привет [pree-vyét]. There is no word that sounds like “breevat” in Russian.
very nice, I like this…
Thanks, I’m enjoying this and becoming really enthused about the fact that I’m actually learning Russian! I like the new look too.
Thanks for the feedback. We are glad to help.