015 – The most important Russian words

In today’s lesson we will learn a few Russian words that are important to know for everyone who learns Russian.

But first, let’s find out if you did well your homework. Here are the correct answers for the task from the previous lesson (отве́ты):

This is my sister. – Э́то моя́ сестра́.
This is her passport. – Э́то её па́спорт.
That car is his. – Тот автомоби́ль его́.
That place is mine. – То ме́сто моё.

Now, listen to the audio and repeat after it:

да [da]yes

нет [nyet]no

спаси́бо – thank you
[spa-sée-ba]

пожа́луйста – please / you’re welcome
[pa-zhá-lus-ta]

здра́вствуйте – hello (formal)
[zdrás-tvuî-tye]

приве́т – hello / hi (informal)
[pree-vyét]

добро́ пожа́ловать – welcome
[dab-ró pa-zhá-la-vat’]

до свида́ния – goodbye (formal)
[da svee-dá-nee-ya]

пока́ – bye (informal)
[pa-ká]

мо́жно – (it’s) allowed
[mózh-na]

нельзя́ – (it is) not allowed
[neel’-zyá]

запрещено́ – (it’s) prohibited
[zap-ree-schee-nó]

извини́те – sorry / excuse me
[eez-vee-née-tee]

прости́те – sorry / excuse me
[pras-tée-tee]

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23 comments on “015 – The most important Russian words”

  1. Gary says:

    Hello,

    Have a question about the pronunciation of the letter “o” in russian.

    I noticed that in some cases, it’s pronounced “o” but also sometimes it sounds like an “a” (french pronunciation).

    For example:
    – спаси́бо – sound like an a
    – па́спорт – sound like an o

    I tried to look into it but didn’t found the reason yet.

    will really appreciate the help for this 🙂

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hi Gary,

      Thanks for the question.

      Russian O sounds very much like A when it’s not accentuated. For example:
      – молоко́ (milk) [ma-la-kó]
      – по́мощь (help) [pó-masch]

      In паспорт, actually, the last O sounds close to A too – [pás-part].

      We have a lesson about it here. Here is the lesson about accents.

  2. Vanja says:

    Hello,
    I just want you to thank you for these Russian lessons, they are really great.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello Vanja,

      Thanks a lot for the comment, it warms our hearts. 🙂

      If you have any questions, we are here to help. Good luck!

  3. Giancarlo says:

    I appreciate so much your work, thanks! I found just one little problem: all previous and next post buttons at the end of each lesson are wrong because they link to the French or the Spanish page.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello Giancarlo,

      Yes, you are right. These are some technical limitations but we will avoid them in the next design of the site.

      Thanks for dropping by and leaving your comment.

  4. abhijit says:

    I have one question –
    how to write following sentences in russian ?
    These are books. / men / women / houses.
    These are not books.
    Is genitive case of books / men / women/ houses used in negative ?

    Thanks.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Это книги. Это мужчины. Это женщины. Это дома.
      Это не книги.

      The genitive case of nouns is used in negative sentences when the meaning is “there is no” or “I don’t have”.
      For example:
      Это не книги (nominative), здесь нет книг (genitive).
      These are not books, there are no books here.

  5. WannaLearn says:

    I am confused about the transalation for lesson 014. It says sister is feminine, and passport is masculine.
    I came up with these answers:
    эта сестра моя.
    этот её паспорт.
    тот автомобиль его.
    то место моё

    but the answers here have different demonstrative pronouns for the first and second sentences.
    What did I do wrong?

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello,

      When you say ‘Эта сестра моя’ it’s more like ‘This sister is mine’. It sounds awkward both in English and in Russian.

      1. ‘Эта сестра’ refers to a specific sister, while ‘это’ can refer to any object.

      What is it? – Что это?
      It’s a book. – Это книга.

      What book? – Какая книга?
      This book. – Эта книга.

      2. ‘Этот её паспорт’ is grammaticaly wrong.
      Что это? – What is it?
      Это паспорт. – This is a passport.
      Чей это паспорт? – Whose passport is this?
      Это её паспорт. – This is her passport. (‘это’ can be anything)
      But:
      Этот паспорт её. – This passport is hers. (‘этот’ refers to a specific masculine object).

      Pay attention to the order of the words here.

      Some more explanation are given in the comment to the lesson 014.

      I hope it helps.

  6. someone said i should have my blog in russian. я нит знаю. я плоха гавару па росски.

  7. Nabin Sapkota says:

    Hello I want to learn Russian, Please help me.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello Nabin,

      All lessons here are free.
      Feel free to ask questions about Russian language if you have them.

      Good luck.

  8. Abdul Jalil says:

    It will surely help me to learn Russian. Great job!! Spasiba 🙂

    Best Regards.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      You are welcome. Thanks for the feedback. 🙂

  9. Nuzul says:

    Thank you so much
    This website mean a lot to me to learn Russian, very helpfull.

    1. Learn Russian Step be Step says:

      Hello Nuzul,
      Very nice to hear that. Feel free to ask if you have questions. Good luck.

  10. JASON says:

    very handy, good way to learn.

    1. Learn Russian Step be Step says:

      Thanks Jason.

  11. Anurag SHaran says:

    Very useful site. Can learn pronunciation well from here

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Thanks for the comment. Good luck with your studies.

  12. kundan says:

    it’s realy so useful

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Nice to hear that.
      Feel free to leave your questions or suggestions.

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