026 – Forming questions in Russian
In the previous lesson we’ve learned how to compose the negative sentences. Today we’ll learn to ask questions in Russian.
Forming a question from a statement in Russian language is very easy, you don’t even need to change anything in the sentence structure:
– in writing, just add a question mark in the end of the sentence;
– when speaking, change the intonation (raise the tone toward the end of the sentence).
Listen to the audio and practice.
Э́то пи́во? Нет, э́то сок.
[é-ta peé-va? nyet, é-ta sok]
Is this beer? No, this is juice.
Э́то твоя́ кни́га? Нет, э́то не моя́ кни́га, э́то его́ кни́га.
[é-ta tva-yá kneé-ga? nyet, é-ta nye ma-yá kneé-ga, é-ta ye-vó kneé-ga]
Is this your book? No, this is not my book, this is his book.
Хо́чешь* есть? Да, я хочу́ есть.
[hó-cheesh yest’? da, ya ha-chú yest’]
Do you want to eat? Yes, I want to eat.
Ты говори́шь по-ру́сски? Да, я говорю́ по-ру́сски.
[ty ga-va-réesh pa rús-kee? da, ya ga-va-ryú pa rús-kee]
Do you speak Russian? Yes, I speak Russian.
Хоти́те* ко́фе? Да, спаси́бо, с удово́льствием.
[ha-tée-tye kó-fye? da, spa-sée-ba, s u-da-vól’st-vee-yem]
Do you want some coffee? Yes, thank you, with pleasure.
Notice that in many sentences the personal pronouns are omitted as the form of the verb already tells us who is the subject of the sentence.
In the next lesson we’ll learn more ways to ask questions in Russian.