Lesson 142

Who and what in Russian


In this lesson we will learn how to say who and what in Russian.

Who is Russian is кто.

What is Russian is что.

Кто and что belong to the group of interrogative pronouns.

You might have already met these two in our previous lessons, however we have not covered yet something very important: their declension in cases.

Declension of КТО and ЧТО

Pronouns кто and что change only by cases (they don’t change by number). So let’s start with a little table that will help us to learn all the cases of interrogative pronouns кто and что.

Case кто что
кто что
кого́ чего́
кому́ чему́
кого́ что
кем чем
(о) ком (о) чём
Russian Pod 101

Now, let’s have a look at some examples:

Examples of WHO in Russian

Кто разби́л ва́зу?
– Who broke the vase? (Nominative)

Кого́ не хвата́ет в гру́ппе?
– Who is missing in the group? (Genitive)

Кому́ нужны́ два биле́та в кино́?
– Who wants a pair of tickets to the movies? (Dative)

Про кого́ ты расска́зываешь?
– Who are you talking about? (Accusative)

С кем ты то́лько что разгова́ривал?
– To whom were you talking just now? (Instrumental)

О ком э́та кни́га?
– Who this book is about? (Prepositional)

Examples of WHAT in Russian

Что случи́лось?
– What happened? (Nominative)

Из чего́ сде́лана э́та скульпту́ра?
– What this sculpture is made of? (Genitive)

Чему́ ты ра́дуешься?
– Why are you so happy? (What made you so happy?) (Dative)

Что ты изуча́ешь в шко́ле?
– What do you study at school? (Accusative)

Чем ты откры́л буты́лку?
– What did you open the bottle with? (Instrumental)

На чём ты сиди́шь?
– What are you sitting on? (Prepositional)

Practice the pronunciation with the audio recording and feel free to ask you questions in the comment section.

Spotted an error? Let us know please!

Comment on “142 – Who and what in Russian”

  1. Livio Ghelli says:

    Nella traduzione in italiano vi sono errori

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