"There is" and "there are", "here" and "there" in Russian
The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.
If you were following our course from the beginning, at this moment you probably can’t wait to start composing your first Russian sentences. In today’s lesson we’ll start doing exactly that: we will learn how to say there is and there are in Russian.
There is, here is, there is no
To express the idea of something being somewhere you can use a few of ways in Russian:
1. When pointing to something close or around you, use the word вот [vot] which means “here (is)”, “here (are)”. For example:
Вот мой дом.
[vot moî dom]
Here is my house.
Вот твои́ ве́щи.
[vot tva-eé vyé-schee]
Here are your things.
2. When pointing to something remote, use the word вон or вон там:
Вон твоя́ маши́на.
[von tva-yá ma-shée-na]
There is your car. / You car is there. (when looking for the car)
Вот там апте́ка, а вон там метро.
[vot tam ap-tyé-ka, a von tam met-ró]
The pharmacy is over here and metro is over there.
Апте́ка вон там.
[ap-tyé-ka von tam]
The pharmacy is over there.
Здесь есть стол.
[sdes’ yest’ stol]
There is a table here.
Там есть деревья.
[tam yest’ dee-ryév’-ya]
There are trees there.
In the negative statement (there is no) есть is replaced by нет.
Здесь нет стола́.
[sdes’ nyet sta-lá]
There is no table here.
Там нет дере́вьев.
[tam nyet dee-ryév’-yef]
There are no trees there.
Notice that the subject after нет changes its form. It’s because in the negative sentences Russians use the Genitive case of the nouns. But don’t think about it too much now, we’ll cover this topic some later.
Here and there in Russian
Remember the following words:
здесь [zdyes’] – here
тут [tut] – here / right here
там [tam] – there
When you want to say that something is here or there, use the following formulas:
Твоя́ су́мка тут.
[tva-yá súm-ka tut]
Your bag is here.
Его́ маши́на там.
[ye-vó ma-shée-na tam]
His car is there.
Такси́ уже́ здесь.
[tak-sée u-zhé zdyes’]
The taxi is already here.
Practice the examples of this lesson with the audio recording (at the bottom of the screen under the blue button).
More lessons on the Russian grammar constructions
- 016: "There is" and "there are", "here" and "there" in Russian
- 025: Forming negation in Russian
- 026: Forming questions in Russian
- 036: How to say 'I have' in Russian
- 056: How to say 'I like' in Russian
- 057: Russian verb 'нравиться' - Examples of use
- 092: Double negation in Russian
- 152: Можно and нельзя [(not) allowed/possible]
- 153: Need, have to, must, should in Russian
- 154: Можно, нельзя, надо, должен, пора in the Past and Future tense
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