016 – ‘There is’ and ‘there are’ in Russian language
You are probably dying from an desire to start composing your first Russian sentences? What’s we learn today is going to help you with that. Let’s find out how to say ‘there is/are‘ in Russian.
There are two ways to do so:
When pointing to something, Russians use the word вот [vot], which means ‘here (is)’, ‘here (are)’.
Вот мой дом. – Here is my house.
[vot moy dom]
Вот твои́ ве́щи. – Here are your things.
[vot tvaeé vyéshchee]
When talking about existance of something somewhere, Russians use the verb ‘to be’ in the Present Tense – есть.
Здесь есть стол. – There is a table here.
[sdes’ yest’ stol]
Там есть деревья. – There are trees there.
[tam yest’ deeryévya]
In the negative statement есть is replaced by нет.
Здесь нет стола́. – There is no table here.
[sdes’ nyet stalá]
Там нет дере́вьев. – There are no trees there.
[tam nyet deeryévyef]
Notice that the subjects after нет change their form. It’s because in the negative sentences Russians use the Genitive case of the nouns. But don’t think about it too much now, we’ll cover this topic some later.
Now listen to the audio and practice all today’s words and phrases.