Lesson 014

Practice Russian pronouns

The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.

For the past few lesson we have learned a lot of Russian pronouns: personal, demonstrative and posessive ones.

Today let’s practice to compose some simple Russian sentences using the pronouns:

Э́то моя́ ма́ма.
[é-ta ma-yá má-ma]
This is my mom.

Э́та кни́га моя́.
[é-ta kneé-ga ma-yá]
This book is mine.

Э́то наш дом.
[é-ta nash dom]
This is our house.

Э́тот телефо́н твой.
[é-tat tee-lee-fón tvoî]
This telephone is yours.

Э́то на́ши докуме́нты.
[é-ta ná-shee da-ku-myén-ty]
These are our documents.

Э́ти докуме́нты на́ши.
[é-tee da-ku-myén-ty ná-shee]
These documents are ours.

Те докуме́нты ва́ши.
[tye da-ku-myén-ty vá-shee]
Those documents are yours.

Та су́мка твоя́.
[ta súm-ka tva-yá]
That bag is yours.

10 comments on “014 – Practice Russian pronouns”

  1. Learner says:

    Pls have a look at the English translation for the sentence “Те документы Ваши”. Shouldn’t it be “Those documents are yours”?

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello Learner,

      Thank you for noticing it, corrected. )

  2. Edmund Yong says:

    so ‘this is… ‘ and ‘that is…’ is always ‘Э́то… ‘ and ‘To’?

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      I can’t recall other ways of translating it, so the answer is yes.
      But English speakers tend to use ‘that’ more often than Russians use ‘то’, so in many cases ‘that is’ is translated as ‘это’.

  3. tania says:

    why is mum neuter in demonstrative pronoun and feminine in possessive?

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello Tania,

      Мама is always feminine. We use the neuter pronoun ЭТО when the subject is unknown or was unknown before we started talking about it. So when you ask ‘What is it?’ you always use ЭТО:

      Что это?
      Это дом. Это собака. Это книга. Это машина.

      When you already know the subject, for example you know that this is a book and it’s someone’s else book, you use the pronoun according to the gender and number of the subject:

      Эта книга моя. Этот дом твой. Эти вещи мои.

      However, we also use ЭТО referring to the situation in general. I’ll give some examples:

      Что ЭТО?
      ЭТО книга.
      И что ЭТО за книга? (What is this book about? What kind of book is this?)
      И чья ЭТО книга? (Whose book is this?)

      But:
      Что ЭТА книга здесь делает? (What this book is doing here?)
      Here we are talking about the specific book.

      1. ersepulveda says:

        Thanks!!! I had the same doubt before reading your explanation!!! but now I have it so clear…

  4. baghdad says:

    Thank you 😉

  5. baghdad says:

    Hi,, where is lesson 15.. I don’t see it
    help please

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