014 – Practice Russian pronouns

Wrapping up with the Russian pronouns for now, let’s practice to compose some simple Russian sentences using the words you’ve already learned:

Э́то моя́ ма́ма. – This is my mum.
[éta mayá máma]

Э́та кни́га моя́. – This book is mine.
[éta kneéga mayá]

Э́то наш дом. – This is our house.
[éta nash dom]

Э́тот телефо́н твой. – This telephone is yours.
[état teeleefón tvoy]

Notice the order of the word in the structures where English pronouns ‘mine’ and ‘yours’ are used.

Now try to translate follow phrases in Russian. The correct answers will be published in tomorrow’s lesson.

This is my sister. (сестра́, feminine)
This is her passport. (па́спорт, masculine)
That car is his. (автомоби́ль, masculine)
That place is mine. (ме́сто, neuter)

Spotted an error? Let us know please!

8 comments on “014 – Practice Russian pronouns”

  1. Edmund Yong says:

    so ‘this is… ‘ and ‘that is…’ is always ‘Э́то… ‘ and ‘To’?

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      I can’t recall other ways of translating it, so the answer is yes.
      But English speakers tend to use ‘that’ more often than Russians use ‘то’, so in many cases ‘that is’ is translated as ‘это’.

  2. tania says:

    why is mum neuter in demonstrative pronoun and feminine in possessive?

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello Tania,

      Мама is always feminine. We use the neuter pronoun ЭТО when the subject is unknown or was unknown before we started talking about it. So when you ask ‘What is it?’ you always use ЭТО:

      Что это?
      Это дом. Это собака. Это книга. Это машина.

      When you already know the subject, for example you know that this is a book and it’s someone’s else book, you use the pronoun according to the gender and number of the subject:

      Эта книга моя. Этот дом твой. Эти вещи мои.

      However, we also use ЭТО referring to the situation in general. I’ll give some examples:

      Что ЭТО?
      ЭТО книга.
      И что ЭТО за книга? (What is this book about? What kind of book is this?)
      И чья ЭТО книга? (Whose book is this?)

      Что ЭТА книга здесь делает? (What this book is doing here?)
      Here we are talking about the specific book.

      1. ersepulveda says:

        Thanks!!! I had the same doubt before reading your explanation!!! but now I have it so clear…

  3. baghdad says:

    Thank you 😉

  4. baghdad says:

    Hi,, where is lesson 15.. I don’t see it
    help please

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      The list of all lessons

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