031 – The Genitive case (introduction)
The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.
In the previous lesson we introduced you to the case system in the Russian language. We also learned that the initial (dictionary) form of Russian nouns is called the Nominative case. Today we are starting with the Genitive case.
This lesson will give you a general explanation of the Genitive case and demonstrate with a few examples how it’s used in Russian.
We use the Genitive case
1. to show that something belongs or refers to something (possession),
2. with negation – to show an absence of something,
3. to say that something is “made of” or someone “comes from”,
4. talking about quantity of something or counting things.
Let’s have a look at some examples. The nouns and pronouns in the Genitive are highlighted.
Э́то кни́га мое́й ма́мы.
This is my mom’s book.
В э́том магази́не нет хле́ба.
There is no bread in this shop.
Э́тот стол сде́лан из де́рева.
This table is made of wood.
Две ча́шки ко́фе.
Two cups of coffee.
Practice these examples with the audio track. In the next few lessons we’ll look at how to form the Genitive case and practice to use it.
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