031 – The Genitive case (introduction)

In the previous lesson we introduced you to the case system in the Russian language. We also learned that the initial (dictionary) form of Russian nouns is called the Nominative case.

Today we are starting with the Genitive case. This lesson will give you a general explanation of the Genitive case in Russian and show you how it’s used on a few examples.

We use the Genitive case

1. to show that something belongs or refers to something (posession),
2. with negation – to show an absence of something,
3. to say that something is “made of” or someone “comes from”,
4. talking about quantity of something.

Examples of the Genitive

Russian Pod 101

Let’s have a look at some examples. The nouns in the Genitive are highlighted.

Э́то кни́га мое́й ма́мы.
This is my mom’s book.

В э́том магази́не нет хле́ба.
There is no bread in this shop.
(negation, absence)

Э́тот стол сде́лан из де́рева.
This table is made of wood.

Две ча́шки ко́фе.
Two cups of coffee.
(quantity, reference)

Немно́го воды́.
Some water.

Practice these examples with the audio track. In the next few lessons we’ll look at how to form the Genitive case and practice to use it.


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4 comments on “031 – The Genitive case (introduction)”

  1. Moe says:

    Hello, First I wanted to thank the author and the owner, for the brilliance of this blog. So much effort putten on this blog and I really appreciate it a lot. I was wondering if you mention the question used for each case? For example, you mentioned the questions used for nominative “KTO. 4TO”. But I did not see that here… Maybe because I still haven’t moved on to the next lesson yet.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello Moe,

      Thanks for the positive feedback, we are happy to be helpful. As for your question, on the other site of ours we have a series of lessons dedicated to practicing Russian cases. There you can see the questions for each case, the declension of different words, and some examples with explanations.

      Here is the link: Russian cases

  2. Karen says:

    I was looking at some of the noun case topics (as, instrumental, nominative) – when you go to that Topic (listed on right), there’s a heading, but no lesson. I think there should be a place to click into the lesson, but there’s nothing there. I found that in several places.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello Karen,

      To access the lesson you need to click on the lesson title or on the link “Study the lesson”. Thank you.


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