079 – The Accusative case of masculine singular nouns

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This lesson we dedicate to forming the Accusative case of masculine singular nouns.

The Russian Accusative case is a bit special. It’s the only case which usage depends on whether the noun is animate (people or animals) or inanimate. Here are the rules to remember:

– inanimate nouns – no change
– animate nouns ending in a consonant – add а
– animate nouns ending in й – replace й with я
– animate nouns ending with ь – replace ь with я

If it seems too complicated to you, you can just remember that:
– inanimate nouns – the same as the Nominative case
– animate nouns – the same as the Genitive case of masculine singular nouns

Examples:

дом – дом (house; inanimate)

за́яц – за́йца (hare; animate)

конь – коня́ (horse; animate)

злоде́й – злоде́я (villain, miscreant, malefactor; animate)

Accusative case Memo Chart (singular)
(you can find all the declension rules in the Russian declension chart):

ending or description how to change examples
masculine
inanimate no change дом - дом
animate, a consonant за́яц – за́йца
animate, й -й / +я злоде́й – злоде́я
animate, ь -ь / +я конь – коня́
Russian Pod 101
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