078 – The Accusative case (introduction)
Today we are starting a series of lessons dedicated to the Accusative case. First things first, let’s learn when the Accusative case is used.
The Accusative case is used to designate:
– object of acting: (to see, to buy) whom? what?
– directions or circumstances: (to go to) where? when? how?
– reason: for what?
Russian use the Accusative with prepositions:
в – in
на – on, onto
за – behind
о/об – against
по – over, by, via
под – under
про – about
че́рез – through
Он ест чи́псы.
He is eating the chips. (object, what?)
Мы идём в теа́тр.
We are going to the theater. (direction, where?)
Положи́ докуме́нты на стол.
Put the documents on the table. (direction, where?)
Я люблю́ петь под гита́ру.
I like to sing with a guitar. (circumstances, how?)
Спаси́бо за по́мощь.
Thank you for your help. (reason, for what?)
Про него́ говоря́т, что он хоро́ший специали́ст.
He is said to be a good specialist.
(lit. – They say about him, that he is a good specialist)
(object, about whom?)
Practice all today’s examples with the audio track.