078 – The Accusative case (introduction)
In the previous lessons we have already learned the Nominative case, Genitive case, and Dative case in the Russian language. Today we are starting a series of lessons dedicated to the Accusative case. First things first, let’s learn when the Accusative case is used.
The Russian Accusative case is used to designate:
– object of acting: (to see, to buy) whom? what?
– directions or circumstances: (to go to) where? when? how?
– reason: for what?
Russians use the Accusative with prepositions or without them. The most common prepositions used with the Accusative are:
в – in
на – on, onto
за – behind
о/об – against
по – over, by, via
под – under
про – about
че́рез – through
Он ест чи́псы.
He is eating the chips. (object, what?)
Мы идём в теа́тр.
We are going to the theater. (direction, where?)
Положи́ докуме́нты на стол.
Put the documents on the table. (direction, where?)
Я люблю́ петь под гита́ру.
I like to sing with a guitar. (circumstances, how?)
Спаси́бо за по́мощь.
Thank you for your help. (reason, for what?)
Про него́ говоря́т, что он хоро́ший специали́ст.
He is said to be a good specialist.
(lit. – They say about him, that he is a good specialist)
(object, about whom?)
Make sure to memorize the prepositions used with the Accusative case and practice all today’s examples with the audio track.
In the next few lessons we will learn how to form the Accusative case with Russian nouns and pronouns.