078 – The Accusative case (introduction)
In the previous lessons we have already learned about the Nominative case, Genitive case, and Dative case in the Russian language. Today we are starting a series of lessons dedicated to the Accusative case, this is the first, introduction lesson.
The use of the Accusative case in Russian
The Russian Accusative case is used to designate:
– object of action: (to see, to love) whom? (to buy, to take, to bring, to eat) what?
– direction, location or circumstances: (to go to) where? when? how? (with various prepositions)
– reason: for what? (with the preposition за)
– subject of a discussion: about whom? about what? (with the preposition про)
In Russian, the Accusative cases answers the questions кого? (whom?) and что? (what?).
Russians use the Accusative with prepositions or without them. The most common prepositions used with the Accusative are:
в – in, to
на – on, onto
за – behind
о/об – against
по – over, by, via
под – under
про – about
че́рез – through
Look at the examples below and try to understand why the Accusative case is used in each of the sentences.
Он ест чи́псы.
He is eating the chips.
(object, eating what?)
Мы идём в теа́тр.
We are going to the theater.
(direction with the preposition в)
Положи́ докуме́нты на стол.
Put the documents on the table.
(direction with the preposition на)
Я люблю́ петь под гита́ру.
I like to sing with a guitar (lit. – under guitar).
(circumstances, how?, with the preposition под)
Спаси́бо за по́мощь.
Thank you for your help.
(reason for being grateful, for what?, with the preposition за)
Про него́ говоря́т, что он хоро́ший специали́ст.
He is said to be a good specialist.
(lit. – They say about him, that he is a good specialist)
(subject of a discussion, say about whom?, with the preposition про)
Make sure to memorize the prepositions and practice all today’s examples with the audio track.
In the next few lessons we will learn how to form the Accusative case with Russian nouns and pronouns.