Lesson 078

The Accusative case (introduction)

The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.

In the previous lessons we have already learned about the Nominative case, Genitive case, and Dative case in the Russian language. Today we are starting a series of lessons dedicated to the Accusative case, and this is the first introduction lesson.

The Accusative case is used to designate:

– direct object of verb: to see, to love whom? to buy, to take, to bring, to eat what? (without prepositions)

– direction, location or circumstances: (to go to) where? when? how? (with various prepositions)

– reason: for what? (with the preposition за)

– subject of a discussion: about whom? about what? (with the preposition про)

The Accusative case is used to answer the questions кого? (whom?) and что? (what?).

The most common prepositions used with the Accusative are:

в – in, to
на – on, onto
за – behind
о/об – against
по – over, by, via
под – under
про – about
че́рез – through

Examples of the Accusative case

Look at the examples below and try to answer for yourself why the Accusative case is used in each of the sentences. The nouns in the Accusative are highlighted with their prepositions.

Он ест чи́псы.
He is eating chips.
(object, eating what?)

Мы идём в теа́тр.
We are going to the theater.
(direction with the preposition в)

Положи́ докуме́нты на стол.
Put the documents on the table.
(object direction with the preposition на)

Russian Pod 101

Я люблю́ петь под гита́ру.
I like to sing with a guitar (lit. – under guitar).
(circumstances, how?, with the preposition под)

Спаси́бо за по́мощь.
Thank you for your help.
(reason for being grateful, for what?, with the preposition за)

Про него́ говоря́т, что он хоро́ший специали́ст.
He is said to be a good specialist.
(lit. – They say about him, that he is a good specialist)
(subject of a discussion, say about whom?, with the preposition про)

Make sure to memorize the prepositions and practice all today’s examples with the audio track.

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The offline version of the course includes the lessons in MP3 and PDF formats. The PDF files are available in two formats: for desktop and mobile devices.

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