032 – The Genitive case with masculine singular nouns
The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.
In the previous lesson we introduced you to the Genitive case. Next few lessons are dedicated to forming the Genitive case. Today we are covering the Genitive with the masculine singular nouns.
To form the Genitive case all you need to do is to add a letter to the end of the word or to replace the existing ending.
Because the Genitive is always used for negation, we’ll use the structure ‘there is … – these is no …‘ in our examples, so it forms a certain pattern in your mind.
For masculine nouns ending in …
… a consonant -> add a
… й -> replace with я
… ь -> replace with я
есть дом – нет до́ма (house)
есть за́яц – нет за́йца (hare) *
есть нож – нет ножа́ (knife)
есть край – нет кра́я (edge)
есть конь – нет коня́ (horse)
* There is a certain number of Russian words that don’t exactly follow these rules. These are the words exceptions, you need to memorize them as you see them.
Here is a simple memo-table for you to help (you can find all the declansion rules in the Russian declension chart):
|ending or description||how to change||examples|
|a consonant||+ а||дом - до́мa|
|й||-й / +я||край – кра́я|
|ь||-ь / +я||конь – коня́|
Practice all today’s examples with the audio track.
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