032 – The Genitive case (masculine singular nouns)

Next few lessons are dedicated to forming the Genitive case. Today we are covering the Genitive with the masculine singular nouns.

To form the Genitive case all you need to do is to add a letter to the end of the word or to replace the existing ending.

In order to form in your mind a certain pattern, we’ll use the structure ‘there is … – these is no …’ in our examples.

For masculine nouns ending in …

… a consonant -> add a
й -> replace with я
ь -> replace with я

есть дом – нет до́ма (house)
есть за́яц – нет за́йца (hare) *
есть нож – нет ножа́ (knife)
есть край – нет кра́я (edge)
есть конь – нет коня́ (horse)

* Note that sometimes you’ll come across some exceptions of these basic rules of forming singular nouns, but we won’t talk about them now, you’ll learn them later as you are learning Russian – step by step.

Here is a simple table for you to help:

gender ending Genitive examples      
masculine consonant
+ а
-й +я
-ь +я
дом – до́ма
край – кра́я
конь – коня́

Practice today’s examples with the audio track:

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