Lesson 032

The Genitive case with masculine singular nouns

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In the previous lesson we introduced you to the Genitive case. Next few lessons are dedicated to forming the Genitive case. Today we are covering the Genitive with the masculine singular nouns.

To form the Genitive case all you need to do is to add a letter to the end of the word or to replace the existing ending.

For masculine nouns ending in …

… a consonant -> add a
й -> replace with я
ь -> replace with я

дом – до́ма (house)

за́яц – за́йца (hare)

нож – ножа́ (knife)

край – кра́я (edge)

конь – коня́ (horse)

Do you remember the words with disappearing vowels that we discussed in the lesson about the plural in Russian? These words behave the same in the Genitive and other cases:

день – дня (day)

пода́рок – пода́рка (present / gift)

Exceptions

There is a certain number of Russian words that don’t exactly follow the rules we discussed above. These are the words-exceptions, and you need to memorize them as you see them. For example:

путь – пути́ (way)

Russian Pod 101

Here is a simple memo-table for you to help (you can find all the declansion rules in the Russian declension chart):

ending or description how to change examples
masculine
a consonant + а дом - до́мa
й -й / +я край – кра́я
ь -ь / +я конь – коня́

Practice all today’s examples with the audio track. In the next lesson we will continue to learn Russian and Russian Gentivie case.

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