093 – Russian adverbs

The adverbs are the parts of speech which tell how, when, where and why something happens or happened. They can describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.

Here are some examples of Russian adverbs:

хорошо́ – good, well
пло́хо – bad (badly)
бы́стро – quickly
ме́дленно – slowly
там – there
здесь – here
вчера́ – yesterday
сего́дня – today
за́втра – tomorrow
мно́го – many, much
ма́ло – a few

The most important thing you should know about Russian adverbs is that Russians use them in the sentences where the subject has no evident gender or number, while English speakers use the adjective in these cases. For example:

Занима́ться спо́ртом – э́то поле́зно для здоро́вья.
It’s healthy to do sports.

Кури́ть вре́дно для ва́шего здоро́вья.
To smoke is bad for your health.

But:

Заня́тия спо́ртом поле́зны*.
Sport activities are useful. (занятия is plural)

Сигаре́ты вредны́*.
Cigarettes are harmful. (сигареты is plural)

* Here the short form of Russian adjectives is used, which we’ll learn some later.

Other examples of use of the adverbs:

Мне пло́хо. – I’m not feeling well.
Нам ве́село. – We have fun.
Ей хорошо́. – She feels good.
Вам гру́стно? – Are you sad?

Practice today’s examples with the audio track.

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