018 – The gender of Russian nouns

As you know from our lesson about personal pronouns, nouns in Russian language are divided into three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter.

It’s quite easy to figure out the gender of a word if we are talking about people, but what do we do if the subject is inanimate? The answer is: look at the word’s ending.

The feminine nouns end in , or .

Examples:

– кни́га [knéega]book
– неде́ля [needyélya]week
– ночь [noch’]night

The neuter nouns have as endings -O or . Examples:

– о́блако [óblako]cloud
– зна́ние [znáneeye]knowledge

The masculine nouns often have no ending, i.e. the last letter is a consonant. Sometimes they end on . Examples:

– день [dyen’]day
– год [got]year

There are also some exceptions. For example, the words below are masculine despite their endings:

пáпа [pápa]dad
дя́дя [dyádya]uncle
ко́фе [kófee]coffee

Now you know how to determine the gender of Russian nouns. Practice all these words with the audio recording.

Spotted an error? Let us know please!

2 comments on “018 – The gender of Russian nouns”

  1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

    Thanks for your feedback.

  2. Samuel Sitompul says:

    Thank You Very Much… this is great

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