018 – The gender of Russian nouns
As you know from our lesson about personal pronouns, nouns in Russian language are divided into three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter.
It’s quite easy to figure out the gender of a word if we are talking about people, but what do we do if the subject is inanimate? The answer is: look at the word’s ending.
The feminine nouns end in -А, -Я or -Ь.
– кни́га [knéega] – book
– неде́ля [needyélya] – week
– ночь [noch’] – night
The neuter nouns have as endings -O or -Е. Examples:
– о́блако [óblako] – cloud
– зна́ние [znáneeye] – knowledge
The masculine nouns often have no ending, i.e. the last letter is a consonant. Sometimes they end on -Ь. Examples:
– день [dyen’] – day
– год [got] – year
There are also some exceptions. For example, the words below are masculine despite their endings:
пáпа [pápa] – dad
дя́дя [dyádya] – uncle
ко́фе [kófee] – coffee
Now you know how to determine the gender of Russian nouns. Practice all these words with the audio recording.