018 – The gender of Russian nouns
As you know from our lesson about Russian personal pronouns, the nouns in Russian language are divided into three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter.
It’s quite easy to figure out the gender if we are talking about people, but what do we do if the subject is inanimate? The answer is look at the word’s ending.
The feminine nouns end in -А, -Я or -Ь.
– кни́га [knée-ga] – book
– неде́ля [nee-dyé-lya] – week
– ночь [noch’] – night
The neuter nouns end in -O or -Е. Examples:
– о́блако [ób-la-ka] – cloud
– зна́ние [zná-nee-ye] – knowledge
The masculine nouns often have no ending, i.e. the last letter is a consonant. Sometimes they end on -Ь. Examples:
– день [dyen’] – day
– год [got] – year
There are also some exceptions. For example, the words below are masculine despite their endings:
пáпа [pá-pa] – dad
дя́дя [dyá-dya] – uncle
ко́фе [kó-fye] – coffee
Now you know how to determine the gender in Russian. Practice all these words with the audio recording.