018 – The gender of Russian nouns

As you know from our lesson about Russian personal pronouns, the nouns in Russian language are divided into three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter.

It’s quite easy to figure out the gender if we are talking about people, but what do we do if the subject is inanimate? The answer is look at the word’s ending.

The feminine nouns end in , or .

Examples:

– кни́га [knée-ga]book
– неде́ля [nee-dyé-lya]week
– ночь [noch’]night

The neuter nouns end in -O or . Examples:

– о́блако [ób-la-ka]cloud
– зна́ние [zná-nee-ye]knowledge

The masculine nouns often have no ending, i.e. the last letter is a consonant. Sometimes they end on . Examples:

– день [dyen’]day
– год [got]year

There are also some exceptions. For example, the words below are masculine despite their endings:

пáпа [pá-pa]dad
дя́дя [dyá-dya]uncle
ко́фе [kó-fye]coffee

Now you know how to determine the gender in Russian. Practice all these words with the audio recording.

Check yourself with the Russian grammar test “What gender?

Related links

5 comments on “018 – The gender of Russian nouns”

  1. Röyal says:

    How can I learn the most essential words in Russian?

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello Röyal,

      You can use an app, like Memrise, Google it, or/and check out these links:
      https://learnrussiandaily.com/tag/easy-russian/
      https://learnrussiandaily.com/tag/essential-russian/
      https://learnrussiandaily.com/tag/basic-russian/

  2. Röyal says:

    Hi! I want to build up some Russian vocabulary. How can I find the most essential nouns, verbs, adjectives, pronouns and adverbs? If it is not the right time to learn them, then please show me the rightest way.

  3. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

    Thanks for your feedback.

  4. Samuel Sitompul says:

    Thank You Very Much… this is great

Your feedback and questions

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *