139 – The superlative degree of Russian adjectives (1st part)

The superlative degree indicates that someone or something has the quality of the adjective to a degree greater than that of anything it is being compared to. In this lesson we will learn how to form the superlative degree of Russian adjectives.

Superlative degree of Russian adjectives

1. The standart method

Add before the adjective the word самый (according to the number, gender and case of the subject):

са́мыйmasculine
са́маяfeminine
са́моеneuter
са́мыеplural

Она́ са́мая кра́сивая де́вушка в кла́ссе.
She is the most beautiful girl in the class.
(Nominative, feminine)

Он чита́ет кни́гу о са́мых бога́тых лю́дях ми́ра.
He is reading a book about the richest people of the world.
(Prepositional, plural)

Exceptions

Learn these adjectives and their superlative degree:

хоро́ший – лу́чший (the best)
плохо́й – ху́дший (the worst)
ста́рый – ста́рший or самый старший (the oldest)
молодо́й – мла́дший or самый младший (the youngest)

2. Comparative + всех

Combine the short form of comparative degree with всех (means “all”, comes from все in the Genitive), for example:

Он оказа́лся быстре́е всех.
He was the fastest.

Ху́же всего́ то, что мы не зна́ем, что де́лать.
Worst of all is that we do not know what to do.

Listen to the audio and practice all the examples of today’s lesson.

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