007 – Pronunciation rules – consonants

In the last lesson we started covering Russian pronunciation rules. Today we’ll have a look at the pronunciation of Russian consonants.

There are a few cases when Russian consonants are pronounced not as they are written:

We also recommend:
Russian alphabet, pronunciation and hand-written Russian
  • Russian voiced consonants are pronounced as their voiceless counterparts when they appear in the the very end of the word.
    Example: обе́́д [ab’ét]dinner

  • Voiced consonants become voiceless when they are followed by other voiceless consonants.
    Example: ю́́бка [yúpka]skirt

  • Voiceless consonants sound voiced when they are followed by voiced consonants.
    Example: футбо́́лка [fudbólka]t-shirt

  • -ГО in the end of the word becomes -ВО.
    Example: ничегó [neecheevó]nothing

  • If several consonants go together some of them can be omitted. Examples:
    – со́лнце [sóntse]sun
    – чу́вство [chústva]feeling
    – здра́вствуйте [zdrástvuyt’e]hello
    – аге́нтство [ag’enstva]agency
    – улыба́ться [uluibátsa] – to smile
  • Remember the 5 soft vowels we learned in the lesson #2 (И, Я, Ю, Ё, E)? If any of them follows a consonant, you should soften that consonant to achieve more natural sound.

    For example:
    – нет [nyet] – no
    – приве́т [preevyét] – hi

Listen to the audio and practice the words of this lesson.

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