007 – Pronunciation rules – consonants
In the last lesson we started covering Russian pronunciation rules. Today we’ll have a look at the pronunciation of Russian consonants.
There are a few cases when Russian consonants are pronounced not as they are written:
Russian alphabet, pronunciation and hand-written Russian
- Russian voiced consonants are pronounced as their voiceless counterparts when they appear in the the very end of the word.
Example: обе́́д [ab’ét] – dinner
- Voiced consonants become voiceless when they are followed by other voiceless consonants.
Example: ю́́бка [yúpka] – skirt
- Voiceless consonants sound voiced when they are followed by voiced consonants.
Example: футбо́́лка [fudbólka] – t-shirt
- -ГО in the end of the word becomes -ВО.
Example: ничегó [neecheevó] – nothing
- If several consonants go together some of them can be omitted. Examples:
– со́лнце [sóntse] – sun
– чу́вство [chústva] – feeling
– здра́вствуйте [zdrástvuyt’e] – hello
– аге́нтство [ag’enstva] – agency
– улыба́ться [uluibátsa] – to smile
- Remember the 5 soft vowels we learned in the lesson #2 (И, Я, Ю, Ё, E)? If any of them follows a consonant, you should soften that consonant to achieve more natural sound.
– нет [nyet] – no
– приве́т [preevyét] – hi
Listen to the audio and practice the words of this lesson.