033 – The Genitive case with feminine singular nouns

The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.

Today we continue learning how to form the Genitive case in Russian. Our focus in this lesson is feminine singular nouns.

For feminine nouns ending in …

а -> replace with ы, but
ка, жа, ша, ча, ща, га, ха -> replace а with и
я -> replace with и
ь -> replace with и

есть луна́ – нет луны́ (moon)

есть грани́ца – нет грани́цы (boundary)

есть рука́ – нет руки́ (hand)

есть неде́ля – нет неде́ли (week)

есть ста́нция – нет ста́нции (station)

есть дверь – нет две́ри (door)

Genitive memo chart (you can find all the declension rules in the Russian declension chart):

ending or description how to change examples
masculine
a consonant + а дом - до́мa
й -й / +я край – кра́я
ь -ь / +я конь – коня́
feminine
а -а / +ы луна́ – луны́
ка, га, ха, жа, ша, ща, ча -а / +и рука́ – руки́, ко́жа – ко́жи
я -я / +и ста́нция – ста́нции
ь -ь / +и дверь – две́ри

Practice all today’s examples with the audio track.

Russian Pod 101

2 comments on “033 – The Genitive case with feminine singular nouns”

  1. José Antonio says:

    Shouldn’t all nouns ending in -га and -ха be declined with -и? For example, книга ➜ книги, рубаха ➜ рубахи, and so on.
    That is, I thought all nouns ending in a velar (apart from ш, ж, щ, ч) should form the singular genitive with -и.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hi José,

      You are right, we are missing Г and Х in the description. Thank you for noticing.

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