Lesson 033

The Genitive case with feminine singular nouns


Today we continue learning how to form the Genitive case in Russian. Our focus in this lesson is feminine singular nouns.

For feminine nouns ending in …

а -> replace with ы, but
ка, жа, ша, ча, ща, га, ха -> replace а with и
я -> replace with и
ь -> replace with и

луна́ – луны́ (moon)

грани́ца – грани́цы (boundary)

рука́ – руки́ (hand)

неде́ля – неде́ли (week)

ста́нция – ста́нции (station)

дверь – двери́ (door)

Russian Pod 101

Genitive memo chart (you can find all the declension rules in the Russian declension chart):

ending or description how to change examples
a consonant + а дом - до́мa
й -й / +я край – кра́я
ь -ь / +я конь – коня́
а -а / +ы луна́ – луны́
ка, га, ха, жа, ша, ща, ча -а / +и рука́ – руки́, ко́жа – ко́жи
я -я / +и ста́нция – ста́нции
ь -ь / +и дверь – две́ри

Practice all today’s examples with the audio track. We continue to learn Russian and the Russian Genitive case in the next lesson, see you there!

Spotted an error? Let us know please!

2 comments on “033 – The Genitive case with feminine singular nouns”

  1. José Antonio says:

    Shouldn’t all nouns ending in -га and -ха be declined with -и? For example, книга ➜ книги, рубаха ➜ рубахи, and so on.
    That is, I thought all nouns ending in a velar (apart from ш, ж, щ, ч) should form the singular genitive with -и.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hi José,

      You are right, we are missing Г and Х in the description. Thank you for noticing.

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