Russian alphabet: consonants (1st. part)
The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.
There are 21 consonants in the Russian alphabet. Some of them form pairs as the vowels do. In these pairs, one consonant is voiced and the other one is voiceless. Remember these pairs, as you will need them when we study the Russian pronunciation.
These are those pairs:
voiced – voiceless
Б б [b] – П п [p]
В в [v] – Ф ф [f]
Г г [g] – К к [k] or Х х [h]
Д д [d] – Т т [t]
Ж ж [zh] – Ш ш [sh]
З з [z] – С с [s]
Please pay attention that the way we pronounce these letters in the audio is not an “official” way to read the Russian alphabet but rather the natural sound of the letters when you read them in words.
The transcription of the consonants is quite close to the real sound of the Russian letters. Listen to the audio file to practice the pronunciation.
Now, you can even read some Russian words:
сок [sok] – juice
пáпа [pá-pa] – dad
бык [byk] – bull
ток [tok] – (electric) current
бок [bok] – side
кот [kot] – cat (male)
ко́шка [kósh-ka] – cat (female)
ва́за [vá-za] – vase
More lessons on the Russian alphabet
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