Lesson 003

Russian alphabet: consonants (1st. part)


In the last two lessons we’ve learned 10 Russian vowels of the Russian alphabet (А, О, У, Э, Ы and Я, Ё, Ю, Е, И). Today we will get familiar with the Russian consonants.

There are 21 consonants in the Russian alphabet. Some of them form pairs as the vowels do. In these pairs, one consonant is voiced and the other one is voiceless. Remember these pairs, as you will need them when we study the Russian pronunciation.

These are those pairs:

voiced – voiceless
Б б [b]П п [p]
В в [v]Ф ф [f]
Г г [g]К к [k] or Х х [h]
Д д [d]Т т [t]
Ж ж [zh]Ш ш [sh]
З з [z]С с [s]

Please pay attention that the way we pronounce these letters in the audio is not an “official” way to read the Russian alphabet but rather the natural sound of the letters when you read them in words.

The transcription of the consonants is quite close to the real sound of the Russian letters. Listen to the audio file to practice the pronunciation.

Now, you can even read some Russian words:

сок [sok]juice
пáпа [pá-pa]dad
бык [byk]bull
ток [tok](electric) current
бок [bok]side
кот [kot]cat (male)
ко́шка [kósh-ka]cat (female)
ва́за [vá-za]vase

This is it for this lesson. We hope you enjoy learning Russian with us. In the next lesson we continue with the Russian consonants.

Spotted an error? Let us know please!

8 comments on “003 – Russian alphabet: consonants (1st. part)”

  1. kumududeva seneviratna says:

    good but you haven’t yet taught the letter “P” in Russian but given a word with that letter.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hi kumududeva seneviratna,

      Your are right, there is a small inaccuracy here. Sorry.
      You can learn the letter Р in the next lesson (004).

  2. Maya says:

    Hi, your lessons are so helpful. One question. Is this also the way letters are hand-written? I’m very confused since I’m reading a lot of things about the difference between handwriting and italic and reading Russian. Can you clear that up? I hope you continue making making these lessons.

    1. Learn Russian Step y Step says:

      Hi Maya,

      We’ll probably make such a lesson in the future, but so far you can find this information here: Russian alphabet.

      Thanks for the feedback.

  3. Hoàng Anh Hào says:

    This is a great work.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hi Hoàng Anh Hào,

      Thanks. Feel free to ask questions and good luck!

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