003 – Russian alphabet: consonants (1st. part)

The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.

In the last two lessons we’ve learned 10 Russian vowels (А, О, У, Э, Ы and Я, Ё, Ю, Е, И). Today we continue to learn the Russian letters and get familiar with the Russian consonants.

There are 21 consonants in the Russian alphabet. Some of them form pairs as the vowels do. In these pairs one consonant is voiced and the other one is voiceless. Remember them as you will need to know them when we study the Russian pronunciation.

These are those pairs:

voiced – voiceless
б [b] – п [p]
в [v] – ф [f]
г [g] – к [k] or х [h]
д [d] – т [t]
ж [zh] – ш [sh]
з [z] – с [s]

The transcription of the consonants is quite close to the real sound of the Russian letters. Listen to the audio file to practice the pronunciation.

Now you can even read some Russian words (they are included into the audio too):

сок [sok]juice
пáпа [pá-pa]dad
бык [byk]bull
ток [tok](electric) current

In the following two lessons we’ll continue to learn the Russian alphabet:

Russian consonants (2d. part)
Hard sign (Ъ) and soft sign (Ь)

Russian Pod 101

Did you like the lesson? We will greatly appreciate your support.

8 comments on “003 – Russian alphabet: consonants (1st. part)”

  1. kumududeva seneviratna says:

    good but you haven’t yet taught the letter “P” in Russian but given a word with that letter.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hi kumududeva seneviratna,

      Your are right, there is a small inaccuracy here. Sorry.
      You can learn the letter Р in the next lesson (004).

  2. Maya says:

    Hi, your lessons are so helpful. One question. Is this also the way letters are hand-written? I’m very confused since I’m reading a lot of things about the difference between handwriting and italic and reading Russian. Can you clear that up? I hope you continue making making these lessons.

    1. Learn Russian Step y Step says:

      Hi Maya,

      We’ll probably make such a lesson in the future, but so far you can find this information here: Russian alphabet.

      Thanks for the feedback.

  3. Hoàng Anh Hào says:

    This is a great work.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hi Hoàng Anh Hào,

      Thanks. Feel free to ask questions and good luck!

Your feedback and questions

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

We work hard to bring you the best Russian learning materials for free (here is what we do). If you like our work, please support us.