066 – Questions: куда? откуда? чей? какой? который?

Today let learn to as more questions in Russian. In this lessons we’ll learn to ask: where from? where to? whose? and which?

Куда́?To where?

Куда́ вы идёте? Мы идём на рабо́ту.
Where are you going to? We are going to the work.

Куда́ идёт э́тот авто́бус? Он идёт в го́род.
Where does this bus go? It goes to the city.

Отку́да?From where?

Отку́да ты? Я из Италии.
Where are you from? I’m from Italy.


This word change depending on the gender and number of the subject. It often implies the use of the Genitive.

Чей э́то стол? Э́то мой стол.
– Whose table is it? It is my table. (masculine)

Чья э́то су́мка? Э́то су́мка мое́й подру́ги.
– Whose bag is it? It is my friend’s bag. (feminine)

Чьё э́то ме́сто? Э́то ме́сто на́шего дире́ктора.
– Whose place is it? It is our director’s place. (neuter)

Чьи э́то ве́щи? Э́то ве́щи на́ших госте́й.
– Whose things is it? It is our guest’s things. (plural)

– What? Which?

Sometimes како́й needs an adjective as an answer, and its form depends on the gender and number of the subject.

– Како́й у тебя́ разме́р о́буви?
– What is your size of the shoes? (masculine)

– Кака́я из э́тих су́мок твоя́? Вот э́та, кра́сная.
– Out of these bags which one is yours? This red one. (feminine)

– Како́е ме́сто они́ за́няли на соревнова́нии? Пя́тое.
– What place they took on the competition? The fifth. (neuter)

– Каки́е кни́ги ты лю́бишь?
– What books do you like? (plural)

– Which one?

This one as well depends on the gender, number, and case of the subject:

– кото́рыйmasculine
– кото́раяfeminine
– кото́роеneuter
– кото́рыеplural

We’ll cover the declension of кото́рый? in one of the future lessons.

Sometimes you can replace како́й with кото́рый and vice versa. For example:

– Кака́я из э́тих су́мок твоя́?
– Кото́рая из э́тих су́мок твоя́?

Out of these bags, which one is yours?

Practice all examples of today’s lesson with the audio track.

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