115 – The Prepositional case (introduction)

In the course of our lessons we have covered five Russian grammatical cases: Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, and Isntrumental. There is only one left – the Prepositional, and today we start learning exactly that.

The Prepositional case in Russian is called Prepositional because it always comes along with prepositions. It:
– answer the questions “about whom?”, “about what?”
– defines a location.

These are the prepositions used with the Prepositional case:

о/об – about (use об if the next word begins in a vowel)

Я ду́маю о тебе́.
I’m thinking about you.

Они́ мечта́ют об о́тдыхе.
They are dreaming about getting some rest.

в/во – in, at (во is used before some double consonants)

Они́ гуля́ют во дворе́.
They are outside at the yard.

Она́ у́чится в шко́ле.
She studies at school.

при – near, close to, by, on, in front of

Не руга́йся при де́тях.
Don’t swear in front of the children.

При всём моём уваже́нии, я не могу́ с ва́ми согласи́ться.
With all due respect, I can’t agree with you.

У него́ при себе́ нет де́нег.
He has no money with him.

на – on, upon, in, at

Вчера́ я была́ на рабо́те.
Yesterday I was at work.

Твои́ ключи́ лежа́т на моём столе́.
Your keys are on my table.

Practice all today’s examples with the audio track.

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