Lesson 161

Verbs of motion: practice

The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.

In the last two lessons we have learned Russian verbs of motion. This lesson we dedicate to practice.

Below, you’ll find some examples or sentences that include pairs of verbs of motion. Read the sentences and try to understand why one or another verb is used. If you have any questions, you are welcome to post them in the comments.

Pay attention to the use of the imperfective verbs in the examples below. In a addition to the cases that we discussed in the previous lesson, you will also find out that they are often used in such situations as: invitations to do something (Imperative mood), as an instruction for many people (do or don’t do that!), and when talking about the nearest future.

Also remember, that the perfective verbs have no Present tense. So, if the sentence is in the Present tense, you can be sure you need to use an imperfective verb.

In the pairs below, the first verb is imperfective (or multidirectional) and the second one is perfective (or unidirectional).

ходи́ть – идти́ (to go)

Ты ходи́л в шко́лу сегодня?
Did you go to school today?
(you are already back, multidirectional)

Он идёт в шко́лу.
He is going to school.
(happening now, unidirectional)

входи́ть – войти́ (to come in)

Мо́жно войти́?
Can I come in?
(one-time action, perfective)

Входи́те, пожа́луйста!
Come in, please!
(invitation, imperfective)

You can also say:

Войди́те!
Come in! (perfective)

But in this case it sounds more like a command and not like an invitation.

выходи́ть – вы́йти (to come out, to get out)

Вы́йди из ко́мнаты!
Get out of the room!
(one-time action, perfective)

Выходи́те по одному́!
Come out one by one!
(instruction to many people, imperfective)

приходи́ть – прийти́ (to come)

Он приходи́л вчера́.
He came yesterday.
(but already left, the result of the action is not valid anymore, imperfective)

Он пришёл вчера́.
He came yesterday.
(and stayed, successfully finished action, perfective)

убега́ть – убежа́ть (to run away)

Престу́пник убежа́л от поли́ции.
The criminal run away from the police.
(finished action, perfective)

Престу́пник убега́л от поли́ции.
The criminal was running away from the police.
(unfinished action, imperfective)

Russian Pod 101

перебежа́ть – перебега́ть (to cross running)

Он перебежа́л доро́гу в неполо́женном ме́сте.
He crossed the road in the wrong place.
(finished action, perfective)

Он перебега́л доро́гу в неполо́женном ме́сте и чуть не попал под машину.
He was crossing the road in the wrong place and almost got hit by a car.
(he WAS crossing when something else happened, he is already in a different place, imperfective)

е́здить – е́хать (to go by vehicle)

Вчера́ мы е́здили на да́чу.
Yesterday we were going to the dacha.
(we are already back, multidirectional)

Мы е́хали на да́чу, когда́ у нас ло́пнуло колесо́.
We were going to the dacha when the tire blew out.
(one-way movement, unidirectional)

уезжа́ть – уе́хать (to leave)

Он уе́хал вчера́.
He left yesterday.
(one-time past action, perfective)

Он уезжа́ет за́втра.
He is leaving tomorrow.
(nearest future, imperfective)

You can also say:

Он уе́дет за́втра.
He will leave tomorrow.
(perfective)

Using the perfective verb уедет will make it sound like the fact that he will be gone tomorrow is more important than anything else.

приезжа́ть – прие́хать (to come / to arrive)

Когда́ ты приезжа́ешь?
When are you coming/arriving?
(nearest future, imperfective)

Когда́ ты прие́дешь?
When will you come?
(that fact of coming is more important than anything else, perfective)

отводи́ть – отвести́ (to lead, to take aside, to take somewhere)

Отведи́ ребёнка в де́тский сад.
Take the child to kindergarten.
(one-time action, perfective)

Он ка́ждый день отво́дит брата в де́тский сад.
He takes his brother to the kindergarten every day.
(repeatable action, imperfective)

проводи́ть – провести́ (to lead, to conduct)

Мы провели́ встре́чу с уча́стниками клу́ба.
We had (conducted) a meeting with the participants of the club.
(finished, perfective)

Мы регуля́рно прово́дим встре́чи с уча́стниками клу́ба.
We regularly meet (conduct meetings) with the participants of the club.
(repeatable action, imperfective)

заплыва́ть – заплы́ть (to swim far, to get by swimming)

Он заплы́л за буйки́.
He swam beyond the buoys.
(finished action, perfective)

Заплыва́ть за буйки́ нельзя́.
It’s not allowed to swim beyond the buoys.
(instruction to many people, repeatable, imperfective)

залеза́ть – зале́зть (to climb, to get into)

Куда́ ты зале́з?
Where did you get into?
(finished action, perfective)

Не залеза́й туда́!
Don’t climb there!
(don’t do it ever, action with no indication of the start and the end, imperfective)

You can also say:

Не лезь туда!
Don’t climb there!
(unidirectional)

Using a unidirectional verb лезть adds a meaning “don’t climb right now, at this exact moment”.

An this is it for this lesson. Practice the verbs and the sentences of this lesson with the audio track. Practice your Russian pronunciation by reading the sentences out loud.

You can check yourself with the test verbs of motion with prefixes.

More lessons on Russian verbs of motion

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The offline version of the course includes the lessons in MP3 and PDF formats. The PDF files are available in two formats: for desktop and mobile devices.

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