106 – The Instrumental case with plural nouns

The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.

In the previous lessons we have covered the Instrumental case with masculine, feminine and neuter singular nouns. Today let’s learn to form the Instrumental case with plural nouns.

If the word ends in …
… a consonant -> add ами
а, о -> replace with ами
… other cases (including й and ь) -> replace the last letter with ями

Examples:

дом – дома́ми (house)
нож – ножа́ми (knife)
край – краями (edge)
конь – коня́ми (horse)
луна́ – лу́нами (moon)
гра́ница – грани́цами (border)
рука́ – рука́ми (hand)
неде́ля – неде́лями (week)
ста́нция – ста́нциями (station)
ли́цо – ли́цами (face)
зда́ние – зда́ниями (building)

Learn some exceptions (исключе́ния):

дочь – дочерьми́ (daughters)
мать – матеря́ми (mothers)
ребёнок – детьми́ (children)
челове́к – людьми́ (people)
де́рево – дере́вьями (trees)
дверь – дверьми́ (doors)
за́яц – за́йцами (hares)

Practice today’s examples with the audio track.

Russian Pod 101

Instrumental memo chart (plural) (you can find all the declension rules in the Russian declension chart):

ending or description how to change examples
masculine, feminine, neuter
a consonant +ами дом - дома́ми
а, о -а, -о / +ами рука́ - рука́ми
all others -last letter / +ями неде́ля - неде́лями

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The offline version of the course includes the lessons in MP3 and PDF formats. The PDF files are available in two formats: for desktop and mobile devices.