Lesson 104

The Instrumental case with feminine singular nouns

The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.

In the previous lesson we’ve learned to form the Instrumental case with masculine singular Russian nouns. Today we’ll have a look at the feminine singular nouns.

For feminine nouns ending in …
ь -> add ю
я -> replace я with ей (or ёй, if stressed)
а -> replace а with ой (sometimes ою), but
ж, ш, ч, щ, ц + a -> replace a with ей

луна́ – луно́й / луно́ю (moon)
гра́ница – грани́цей (border)
рука́ – руко́й / руко́ю (hand)
неде́ля – неде́лей (week)
ста́нция – ста́нцией (station)
дверь – две́рью (door)

Russian Pod 101

Practice today’s examples with the audio track.

Instrumental memo chart (you can find all the declension rules in the Russian declension chart):

ending or description how to change examples
й -й / + ем (ём) край – кра́ем
ь -ь / + ем (ём) конь – конём
unstressed, ж, ш, ч, щ, ц +ем за́яц – за́йцем
all others +ом дом - до́мом
ь -ь / +ю дверь – две́рю
я -я / +ей (ёй) ста́нция – ста́нцией
а -а / +ой луна́ – луно́й
жа, ша, ща, ча -а / +ей ко́жа – ко́жей

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The offline version of the course includes the lessons in MP3 and PDF formats. The PDF files are available in two formats: for desktop and mobile devices.