104 – The Instrumental case with feminine singular nouns

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In the previous lesson we’ve learned to form the Instrumental case with masculine singular Russian nouns. Today we’ll have a look at the feminine singular nouns.

For feminine nouns ending in …
ь -> add ю
я -> replace я with ей (or ёй, if stressed)
а -> replace а with ой (sometimes ою), but
ж, ш, ч, щ, ц + a -> replace a with ей

луна́ – луно́й / луно́ю (moon)
гра́ница – грани́цей (border)
рука́ – руко́й / руко́ю (hand)
неде́ля – неде́лей (week)
ста́нция – ста́нцией (station)
дверь – две́рью (door)

Practice today’s examples with the audio track.

Instrumental memo chart (you can find all the declension rules in the Russian declension chart):

ending or description how to change examples
masculine
й -й / + ем (ём) край – кра́ем
ь -ь / + ем (ём) конь – конём
unstressed, ж, ш, ч, щ, ц +ем за́яц – за́йцем
all others +ом дом - до́мом
feminine
ь -ь / +ю дверь – две́рю
я -я / +ей (ёй) ста́нция – ста́нцией
а -а / +ой луна́ – луно́й
жа, ша, ща, ча -а / +ей ко́жа – ко́жей
Russian Pod 101
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