132 – Formation of the short form of Russian adjectives

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In the last lesson we’ve looked at the use of short Russian adjectives, today let’s learn how to form them.

For masculine adjectives – just remove the whole ending:

хоро́ший – хоро́ш (good)
краси́вый – краси́в (beautiful)
ми́лый – мил (nice)

For feminine, neuter and plural adjectives – remove the last letter:

хоро́шая – хороша́ (feminine)
красивое – краси́во (neuter)
ми́лые – милы́ (plural)

Exceptions (for masculine adjectives only):

If a short masculine adjective ends in two consonants, a vowel (Е or О) is inserted between them. The same applies also for Й that is a part of the stem:

злой – зол (evil)
споко́йный – споко́ен (calm)
бли́зкий – бли́зок (close)

Practice today’s examples with the audio track.

Russian Pod 101
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