132 – Formation of the short form of Russian adjectives

In the last lesson we’ve looked at the use of short Russian adjectives, today let’s learn how to form them.

For masculine adjectives – just remove the whole ending:

хоро́ший – хоро́ш (good)
краси́вый – краси́в (beautiful)
ми́лый – мил (nice)

For feminine, neuter and plural adjectives – remove the last letter:

хоро́шая – хороша́ (feminine)
красивое – краси́во (neuter)
ми́лые – милы́ (plural)

Exceptions (for masculine adjectives only):

If a short masculine adjective ends in two consonants, a vowel (Е or О) is inserted between them. The same applies also for Й that is a part of the stem:

злой – зол (evil)
споко́йный – споко́ен (calm)
бли́зкий – бли́зок (close)

Practice today’s examples with the audio track.

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