Lesson 126

Declension of Russian adjectives ending in -гий, -кий, -хий, -гой, -кой, -хой

The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.

Today we continue learning to decline Russian adjective. Do you remember the spelling rules we learned some time ago? The adjectives we are going to learn today are in the separate group, because we have to follow those spelling rules when decline them.

Here are some examples of these adjectives:

ру́сский – Russian
де́тский – children’s
мужско́й – man’s
сухо́й – dry

Let’s learn the pattern of this type of declension, which is mostly the same as the declension of soft-ending (for -гий, -кий, -хий) and hard-ending (for -гой, -кой, -хой) adjectives except the fact that we have to replace Ы with И after the letters Г, К and Х.

case masculine feminine neuter plural
Nominative ру́сский ру́сская ру́сское ру́сские
Genitive ру́сского ру́сской ру́сского ру́сских
Dative ру́сскому ру́сской ру́сскому ру́сским
ру́сский ру́сскую ру́сское ру́сские
ру́сского ру́сскую ру́сское ру́сских
Instrumental ру́сским ру́сской /
ру́сским ру́сскими
Prepositional ру́сском ру́сской ру́сском ру́сских
case masculine feminine neuter plural
Nominative мужско́й мужска́я мужско́е мужски́е
Genitive мужско́го мужско́й мужско́го мужски́х
Dative мужско́му мужско́й мужско́му мужски́м
мужско́й мужску́ю мужско́е мужски́е
мужско́го мужску́ю мужско́е мужски́х
Instrumental мужски́м мужско́й /
мужски́м мужски́ми
Prepositional мужско́м мужско́й мужско́м мужски́х

Listen to the audio of today’s lesson and practice all the adjectives with it.

More lessons on the declension of Russian adjectives

2 comments on “126 – Declension of Russian adjectives ending in -гий, -кий, -хий, -гой, -кой, -хой”

  1. Tsov says:

    So a “friend” texted me Хой! I don’t know what that means. Can you help?

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello Tsov.

      “Хой” does not mean anything. If it was “Хай!” that would be just a Russian version of “Hi!”

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