Lesson 063

The Dative case with plural nouns

The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.

Today we go back to the Dative case. This lesson will teach to you form the Dative case with plural nouns.

To form the Dative case with plural Russian nouns, you need to replace the ending of the word depending on the last letter it has.

The words finishing in…

й, ь -> replace with ям
а, о -> replace with ам
е -> replace with ям, but
же, че, ше, ще -> replace е with ам
… any other consonant -> add ам

Examples

These are the same words you saw in the previous examples of forming the Dative case. Pay attention to their ending and try to memorize the principle.

дом – дома́м (house)
за́яц – за́йцам (hare)
нож – ножа́м (knife)
край – краям (edge)
конь – коня́м (horse)
луна́ – лу́нам (moon)
гра́ница – грани́цам (border)
рука́ – рука́м (hand)
неде́ля – неде́лям (week)
ста́нция – ста́нциям (station)
дверь – дверя́м (door)
ли́цо – ли́цам (face)
окно – о́кнам (window)
де́рево – дере́вьям (tree) *
зда́ние – зда́ниям (building)
со́лнце – со́лнцам (sun)
жилище́ – жили́щам (housing)
варе́нье – варе́ньям (jam)

* – words-exceptions

Dative memo chart (plural) (you can find all the declension rules in the Russian declension chart):

ending or description how to change examples
masculine, feminine, neuter
й, ь -й, -ь / +ям край – края́м
а, о -а, -о / +ам лицо́ – ли́цам
е -е / +ям зда́ние – зда́ниям
же, че, ше, ще -е / +ам жили́ще – жили́щам
other consonant +ам дом – дома́м

Comment on “063 – The Dative case with plural nouns”

  1. nando says:

    there are rongs in the examples here

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