128 – Colors

We’ve learned a lot of Russian grammar, let’s take a break and learn some new basic Russian words today.

Today’s lesson is about colors (цвета́). Some of them you might already know from our previous lessons, and some of them will be new for you.

Colors in Russian

бе́лый – white

жёлтый – yellow

ора́нжевый – orange

кра́сный – red

ро́зовый – pink

зелёный – green

си́ний – dark blue

голубо́й – blue

фиоле́товый – purple

кори́чневый – brown

чёрный – black

All these words are adjectives, and as you already know adjectives take the gender, number and case of the subject they describe. Let’s practice to use the names of colors with different nouns.

Я люблю́ бе́лые ро́зы.
I love white roses. (plural, Accusative)

У него́ се́рые глаза́.
He has gray eyes. (plural, Accusative)

К до́му подъе́хала кра́сная маши́на.
A red car drove up to the house. (feminine, Nominative)

Э́тот кот – бе́лый.
This cat is white. (masculine, Nominative)

К э́тому пла́тью подойду́т чёрные ту́фли.
The black shoes will suit well to this dress. (plural, Nominative)

In order to ask ‘What color is anything?’ start your phrase with “Како́го цве́та …?”. Pay attention that the word ‘цвет’ (color) is used in the Genitive – ‘цве́та’, so the names of colors that come along with it must be used in the Genitive as well.

Како́го цве́та её пла́тье?
Оно́ кра́сное. Её пла́тье кра́сного цве́та.
What color is her dress?
It’s red. Her dress is red (of red color).

Како́го цве́та у неё глаза́?
Они́ зелёные. Её глаза́ зелёного цве́та.
What color are her eyes?
They are green. Her eyes are green (of green color).

Како́го цве́та не́бо?
Голубо́го. Не́бо голубо́е.
What color is the sky?
Blue. The sky is blue.

Practice all today’s examples with the audio track.

Learn Russian names of colors with the flashcards.

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