083 – The Accusative case (plural nouns)

Let’s go back to our Accusative case and learn to form it plural nouns.

For animate nouns (people, animals, other alive beings) – follow the rules of the Genitive case for plural nouns.
For inanimate nouns – just use the plural form of the nouns in the Nominative (initial) case.

So, if the noun is animate, use this chart to form the Accusative case:

Memo chart (Genitive plural and Accusative animate plural):

gender ending Genitive
masculine ж, ч, ш, щ
ь
й
ц
other consonant
+ей
-ь +ей
-й +ев/ёв
+ев
+ов
feminine а
a consonant + я
a vowel + я
ь

-я +ь
-я +й
-ь +ей
neuter о
ие
ье
a consonant +е

-ие +ий
-ье +ий

If the noun is inanimate, here are the rules to follow:

1. Words ending in К, Г, Х, Ш, Щ, Ж, Ч, Ь or ending in one of these letters + a vowel => drop off the last vowel or Ь if they are and add И.

2. To other masculine nouns ending in a consonant add Ы:

3. For neuter nouns:
– if the word ends in – replace it with , but
– if the word ends in -Ш/Щ/Ж/Ч/Ц + Е – replace it with ,
– if the word ends in -O – replace it with

4. Replace with Ы ending А for feminine nouns.

Examples:

Animate nouns:

олень – оле́ней (deer)
ры́ба – рыб (fish)
женщина – же́нщин (woman)
существо́ – суще́ств (being, creature)

Inanimate nouns:

стол – столы́ (table)
зда́ние – зда́ния (building)
фотогра́фия – фотогра́фии (photography)

Practice today’s examples with the audio recording.

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