Lesson 083

The Accusative case (plural nouns)

The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.

Let’s go back to the Accusative case and learn to form it with the Russian nouns in plural.

For animate nouns (people, animals, other alive beings) – follow the rules of the Genitive case for plural nouns.
For inanimate nouns – just use the plural form of the nouns in the Nominative (initial) case.

So, if the noun is animate, use the chart below to form the Russian Accusative case.

If the noun is inanimate, here are the rules to follow:

1. Words ending in К, Г, Х, Ш, Щ, Ж, Ч, Ь or ending in one of these letters + a vowel => drop off the last vowel or Ь if they are and add И.

2. To other masculine nouns ending in a consonant add Ы.

3. For neuter nouns:
– if the word ends in – replace it with , but
– if the word ends in -Ш/Щ/Ж/Ч/Ц + Е – replace it with ,
– if the word ends in -O – replace it with

4. For the feminine nouns, replace the ending А with Ы and Я with И .

Examples

Animate nouns:

олень – оле́ней (deer)
ры́ба – рыб (fish)
женщина – же́нщин (woman)
существо́ – суще́ств (being, creature)

Russian Pod 101

Inanimate nouns:

стол – столы́ (table)
зда́ние – зда́ния (building)
фотогра́фия – фотогра́фии (photography)

Practice today’s examples with the audio recording.

ending or description how to change examples
animate (same as the Genitive case)
masculine
ж, ч, ш, щ +ей ёж – еже́й
ь -ь / +ей конь – коне́й
й -й / +ев (ёв) змей – зме́ев
ц +ев заяц – за́йцев
other consonant +ов кот – кото́в
feminine
a м́ама – мам
a consonant -я / +ь ня́ня – нянь
a vowel -я / +й Анастаси́я – Анастаси́й
ь -ь / +ей ма́терь – матере́й
neuter
о лицо́ – лиц
ие -е / +й зда́ние – зда́ний
ье -е / +й варе́нье – варе́ний
a consonant жили́ще – жили́щ
inanimate
all nouns use plural form in Nominative стол - столы́
зда́ние - зда́ния

2 comments on “083 – The Accusative case (plural nouns)”

  1. Kate says:

    Thank you. You need more examples. At least one for every type of ending. It’s not practical to try to remember the rules and then apply them on word. No native speaker speaks like that. It’s much more natural to see some real examples and then justify new words based on these patterns.

    You also need to show examples for -й +ев/ёв, end explain if there is some reason to prefer each one of them, or that it’s random.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello Kate,

      Thank you for the suggestions, we agree with everything. We’ll be improving the lessons in some future and consider all of that then.

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