083 – The Accusative case (plural nouns)

Let’s go back to our Accusative case and learn to form it with the Russian nouns in plural.

For animate nouns (people, animals, other alive beings) – follow the rules of the Genitive case for plural nouns.
For inanimate nouns – just use the plural form of the nouns in the Nominative (initial) case.

So, if the noun is animate, use this chart to form the Russian Accusative case:

Memo chart (Genitive plural and Accusative animate plural) (you can find all the declension rules in the Russian declension chart):

gender ending Genitive
masculine ж, ч, ш, щ
ь
й
ц
other consonant
+ей
-ь +ей
-й +ев/ёв
+ев
+ов
feminine а
a consonant + я
a vowel + я
ь

-я +ь
-я +й
-ь +ей
neuter о
ие
ье
a consonant +е

-ие +ий
-ье +ий

If the noun is inanimate, here are the rules to follow:

1. Words ending in К, Г, Х, Ш, Щ, Ж, Ч, Ь or ending in one of these letters + a vowel => drop off the last vowel or Ь if they are and add И.

2. To other masculine nouns ending in a consonant add Ы:

3. For neuter nouns:
– if the word ends in – replace it with , but
– if the word ends in -Ш/Щ/Ж/Ч/Ц + Е – replace it with ,
– if the word ends in -O – replace it with

4. Replace with Ы ending А for feminine nouns.

Examples:

Animate nouns:

олень – оле́ней (deer)
ры́ба – рыб (fish)
женщина – же́нщин (woman)
существо́ – суще́ств (being, creature)

Inanimate nouns:

стол – столы́ (table)
зда́ние – зда́ния (building)
фотогра́фия – фотогра́фии (photography)

Practice today’s examples with the audio recording.

Related links

2 comments on “083 – The Accusative case (plural nouns)”

  1. Kate says:

    Thank you. You need more examples. At least one for every type of ending. It’s not practical to try to remember the rules and then apply them on word. No native speaker speaks like that. It’s much more natural to see some real examples and then justify new words based on these patterns.

    You also need to show examples for -й +ев/ёв, end explain if there is some reason to prefer each one of them, or that it’s random.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello Kate,

      Thank you for the suggestions, we agree with everything. We’ll be improving the lessons in some future and consider all of that then.

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