Lesson 083

The Accusative case (plural nouns)


Let’s go back to the Accusative case and learn to form it with the Russian nouns in plural.

For animate nouns (people, animals, other alive beings) – follow the rules of the Genitive case for plural nouns.
For inanimate nouns – just use the plural form of the nouns in the Nominative (initial) case.

So, if the noun is animate, use the chart below to form the Russian Accusative case.

If the noun is inanimate, here are the rules to follow:

Russian Pod 101

1. Words ending in К, Г, Х, Ш, Щ, Ж, Ч, Ь or ending in one of these letters + a vowel => drop off the last vowel or Ь if they are and add И.

2. To other masculine nouns ending in a consonant add Ы.

3. For neuter nouns:
– if the word ends in – replace it with , but
– if the word ends in -Ш/Щ/Ж/Ч/Ц + Е – replace it with ,
– if the word ends in -O – replace it with

4. For the feminine nouns, replace the ending А with Ы and Я with И .


Animate nouns:

олень – оле́ней (deer)
ры́ба – рыб (fish)
женщина – же́нщин (woman)
существо́ – суще́ств (being, creature)

Inanimate nouns:

стол – столы́ (table)
зда́ние – зда́ния (building)
фотогра́фия – фотогра́фии (photography)

Practice today’s examples with the audio recording.

ending or description how to change examples
animate (same as the Genitive case)
ж, ч, ш, щ +ей ёж – еже́й
ь -ь / +ей конь – коне́й
й -й / +ев (ёв) змей – зме́ев
ц +ев заяц – за́йцев
other consonant +ов кот – кото́в
a м́ама – мам
a consonant -я / +ь ня́ня – нянь
a vowel -я / +й Анастаси́я – Анастаси́й
ь -ь / +ей ма́терь – матере́й
о лицо́ – лиц
ие -е / +й зда́ние – зда́ний
ье -е / +й варе́нье – варе́ний
a consonant жили́ще – жили́щ
all nouns use plural form in Nominative стол - столы́
зда́ние - зда́ния
Spotted an error? Let us know please!

4 comments on “083 – The Accusative case (plural nouns)”

  1. Kai says:

    What about some neuter nouns which end in -мя, such as имя?

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello Kai,

      These nouns are rather exceptions, as there are no many ending in -мя. In the Accusative plural form, it will be имена́.

  2. Kate says:

    Thank you. You need more examples. At least one for every type of ending. It’s not practical to try to remember the rules and then apply them on word. No native speaker speaks like that. It’s much more natural to see some real examples and then justify new words based on these patterns.

    You also need to show examples for -й +ев/ёв, end explain if there is some reason to prefer each one of them, or that it’s random.

    1. Learn Russian Step by Step says:

      Hello Kate,

      Thank you for the suggestions, we agree with everything. We’ll be improving the lessons in some future and consider all of that then.

Your feedback and questions

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Share on