Lesson 077

Spelling rules: О, Ы and Я after some consonants

The audio for the lesson is available at the bottom of the screen under the blue button.

The fact that the Russian language is one of those where the words don’t really sound exactly as they are written creates confusion not only for those who is learning them, but sometimes for the Russians themselves. Here are some rules that Russian kids learn at school and that will help you to avoid mistakes in writing in Russian.

– Russians never use Ы after the letters: Ж, Ш, Щ, Ч, Г, К, Х, you should write И in these cases.

– They also never use Я after Ж, Ш, Щ, Ч, Г, К, Х and Ц, write А in these cases.

– After the consonants Ж, Ш, Щ, Ч, Ц, the vowel О, if unstressed, changes to Е.

Here are some examples of the words where you might need to remember these rules:

Russian Pod 101

жить – to live
проща́ть – to forgive
встреча́ть – to meet
шить – to sew
оди́ннадцать – eleven
рели́гия – religion
ти́хий / ти́хая / ти́хие – quiet
хоро́ший / хоро́шая / хоро́шие – good

Learn the Russian words of today’s lesson and practice them with the audio track.

More lessons on the Russian orthography

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The offline version of the course includes the lessons in MP3 and PDF formats. The PDF files are available in two formats: for desktop and mobile devices.