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This free online Russian course is designed for whose who just started learning Russian. In each lesson you will learn something new about Russian grammar or build your vocabulary with useful words and phrases. The audio files are recorded by a native Russian speaker at slow spoken Russian and can be listened online or downloaded.

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106 – The Instrumental case (plural nouns)

Let’s learn to form the Instrumental with plural nouns.

If the word ends in …
… a consonant -> add ами
а, о -> replace with ами
… other cases (including й and ь) -> replace the last letter with ями


дом – дома́ми
нож – ножа́ми
край – краями
конь – коня́ми
луна́ – лу́нами
гра́ница – грани́цами
рука́ – рука́ми
неде́ля – неде́лями
ста́нция – ста́нциями
ли́цо – ли́цами
зда́ние – зда́ниями

Learn some exceptions (исключе́ния):

дочь – дочерьми́ (daughters)
мать – матеря́ми (mother)
ребёнок – детьми́ (children)
челове́к – людьми́ (people)
де́рево – дере́вьями (tree)
дверь – дверьми́
за́яц – за́йцами

Practice today’s examples with the audio track.

Download the audio track of this lesson

Instrumental memo chart (plural):

gender ending Instrumental examples
any gender a consonant
а, о
other cases (incl. й, ь)
-а/о +ами
-the last letter +ями
дом – дома́ми
рука́ – рука́ми
конь – коня́ми
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