069 – Perfective and imperfective verbs – Practice

Let’s look at some more examples of perfective and imperfective verbs.

Чита́ть (imperfective) / прочита́ть (perfective) – to read

Ты чита́ла э́ту кни́гу?
Did you read this book? (have you ever read it?)

Ты прочита́ла э́ту кни́гу?
Have you read this book? (you were supposed to)

Я чита́ла, когда́ зазвони́л телефо́н.
I was reading when the telephone rang. (I was reading – unfinished action)

Я чита́ла э́ту кни́гу два ме́сяца.
I read this book two months. (a lenght of time)

Покупа́ть (imperfective) / купи́ть (perfective) – to buy

Мне на́до купи́ть аспири́н.
I need to buy aspirin. (I need to buy it once)

Он ка́ждый день покупа́ет све́жие газе́ты.
He buys latest newspapers every day. (repetition)

Ты когда́-нибу́дь покупа́л э́тот йо́гурт?
Have you ever bought this yogurt? (just a fact, you was not supposed to buy it ever)

Ты купи́л йо́гурт?
Have you bought the yogurt? (you were supposed to)

Понима́ть (imperfective) / поня́ть (perfective) – to understand

Никогда́ ничего́ не понима́ла в маши́нах.
I never understand anything about cars. (probably it wasn’t necessary for me)

Я тебя́ не по́нял.
I didn’t understand you. (I heard you, but didn’t understand what you said)

Ты меня́ понима́ешь?
Do you understand me? (right now)

Practice today’s examples with the audio track.

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