144 – Russian interrogative pronoun какой

As you already know from one of the previous lessons, the pronoun какой means ‘what’ or ‘which’. To be able to construct questions with it, you should know how to decline it.

The pronoun какой agrees in gender, number and case of the noun it refers to.

Let’s read them line by line:

Case Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Именительный Nominative како́й кака́я како́е каки́е
Родительный Genitive како́го како́й како́го каки́х
Дательный Dative како́му како́й како́му каки́м
Винительный Accusative како́й / како́го * каку́ю како́е каки́е / каки́х *
Творительный Instrumental каки́м како́й каки́м каки́ми
Предложный Prepositional како́м како́й како́м каки́х

* inanimate / animate

It looks like a lot, but believe me, it all will come to its place with practice. So let’s practice a bit and look at some examples:

Како́го цве́та твоя́ маши́на?
[kakóva tsvyéta tvayá mashéena]
What color is your car?
{Genitive, masculine}

Како́й стиль музы́ки ты предпочита́ешь?
[kakóy steel’ múzuikee tui preetpacheetáeesh]
What style of music do you prefer?
{Accusative, masculine}

Каки́е футбо́льные клу́бы ты зна́ешь?
[kakéeye futból’nuie klúbui tui znáeesh]
What football clubs do you know?
{Accusative, plural, inanimate}

Каки́х люде́й вы хоте́ли бы здесь ви́деть?
[kakéeh lyudyéy vui hatyéli bui sdyes’ véedéet’]
What kind of people would you like to see here?
{Accusative, plural, animate}

Каки́ми языка́ми владе́ет наш президе́нт?
[kakéemee yazuikámee vladyéeet nash preezeedyént]
What languages does our president speak?
{Instrumental, plural}

На како́м инструме́нте игра́ет твой брат?
[na kakóm eenstrumyéntye eegráeet tvoy brat]
What instrument does your brother play?
{Prepositional, masculine}

Practice your pronunciation with the audio file of this lesson.

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